Jotbathah is one of the stations of the the Exodus journey. Located between Hor Haggidad and Abronah [1]

Midianite pottery[2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] and copper workings. Nearby water and acacia trees provided wood for charcoal for the miners at Har Timna.

Semitic root ENTRY: yd. DEFINITION: Common Semitic noun *yad-, hand. 1a. iota, jot, from Greek ita, iota; b. yodh, from Hebrew yd, yodh. Both a and b from Phoenician *yd, hand, tenth letter of the Phoenician alphabet. 2. Betelgeuse, ultimately from Arabic yad al-jawz, hand of Gemini, from yad, hand.



  1. It is spelled Yotvatah on the map that serves as a frontspiece in the book "Rivers in the Desert by Nelson Glueck and is located in an area with an early Iron Age fortress Ain Ghadyan.
  2. Midianite pottery, also known as “Qurayya ware”, generally dated to the 13th-12th centuries BCE, is a ware type found at 13 sites around Har Timna in the Hejaz (northwestern Saudi Arabia). Similar pottery with slightly later dates is found along the borders of Edom and Moab in southern and central Jordan. Similar pottery with even later dates is found in southern Israel and the northern Negev "Dr. Muhammed Abdul Nayeem, (1990). Prehistory and Protohistory of the Arabian Peninsula. Hyderabad.
  3. It was discovered during the 1930s by Nelson Glueck in his surveys in southern Jordan and his excavations at Tell el-Kheleifeh in the southern Arabah valley.
  4. Glueck identified these wares as Iron Age II Edomite pottery.[1]
  5. During his surveys and excavations in the Arabah in the late 1950s and 1960s, Beno Rothenberg found similar decorated wares; and after the discovery at Timna valley of the several Egyptian findings belonging to the 19th and 20th Dynasties, Rothenberg dated this pottery to the 13th-12th centuries BC.
  6. Petrographic studies carried out on some of the Timna wares led to the conclusion that they originated in the Hejaz, most probably in the site of Qurayya.[2]
  7. Midianite bowls bear some resemblance in form with the Iron Age Negevite pottery bowls.
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The Exodus
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Some or all of this article is forked from Wikipedia. The original article was at Jotbathah. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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