Styles of
José Garibi y Rivera
CardinalCoA PioM
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Guadalajara (emeritus)

José Garibi y Rivera S.T.D. (1889-1972) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop of Guadalajara. He was the first Mexican cardinal.


He was educated at the Colegio del Señor San José (primary education) and the Seminary of Guadalajara from 1900 to 1906, where he studied the humanities, sciences, Latin, Greek, philosophy and theology and from 1906 until 1907 at the Franciscan convent of Zapopán, but he left early after he decided not to join the order. After leaving the seminary of Guadalajara in 1912 he went to the Pontifical Gregorian University from October 1913 to July 1916 where he earned a doctorate in theology and licentiate in canon law. He was named professor of Latin at the Seminary of Guadalajara in 1911. He occupied the post until 26 August 1913.


He was appointed as titular bishop of Roso and auxiliary bishop of Guadalajara on 16 December 1929. He was consecrated on 7 May 1930, by Francisco Orozco Jiménez, Archbishop of Guadalajara. He was appointed as Vicar general of the archdiocese of Guadalajara on 1 January 1933. He was promoted to titular archbishop of Bizia and coadjutor bishop of Guadalajara. He succeeded to the metropolitan see of Guadalajara on 18 February 1936. He was elected as President of the Mexican Episcopal Conference for six consecutive terms.


He was created and proclaimed Cardinal-Priest of S. Onofrio in the consistory of December 15, 1958 by Pope John XXIII. He participated in the conclave of 1963 that elected Pope Paulé Garibi Rivera

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