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|This article needs references that appear in reliable third-party publications. Primary sources or sources affiliated with the subject are generally not sufficient for a Wikipedia article. Please add more appropriate citations from reliable sources. (February 2009)|
John Mackinnon Robertson (14 November 1856 – 5 January 1933) was a prolific journalist, advocate of rationalism and secularism, and Liberal Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom for Tyneside from 1906 to 1918.
Robertson was born on the Isle of Arran and left school at the age of thirteen to become a clerk and then a journalist. In 1878 he became a follower of secularist leader Charles Bradlaugh and became active in the secularist cause in Edinburgh, before moving to London to become assistant editor of Bradlaugh's paper National Reformer, subsequently taking over as editor on Bradlaugh's death in 1891. The National Reformer finally closed in 1893. Robertson was also an appointed lecturer for the freethinking South Place Ethical Society from 1899 until the 1920s.
Robertson's political radicalism developed in the 1880s and 1890s, and he first stood for Parliament in 1895, failing to win Bradlaugh's old seat in Northampton as an independent radical liberal. Robertson was a staunch free trader and his Trade and Tariffs (1908) "became a bible for free-traders pursuing the case for cheap food and the expansion of trade".
Economically, Robertson has been described as an underconsumptionist, and he gave an early form, perhaps the earliest formal statement, of the paradox of thrift in his 1892 book The Fallacy of Saving.
Robertson was an advocate of the Jesus-Myth theory, and in several books he argued strongly against the historicity of Jesus. According to Robertson, the character of Jesus in the New Testament developed from a Jewish cult of Joshua, whom he identifies as a solar deity. Frederick Cornwallis Conybeare wrote a book The Historical Christ directed specifically against Robertson and two other Jesus-myth advocates.
- History of Freethought in the Nineteenth Century, (1899)
- John Mackinnon Robertson (1900). Christianity and mythology. Watts. http://books.google.com/books?id=dPqDy6FFO68C&dq=Christianity+and+Mythology+Robertson&as_brr=1&ei=s50HR8ymNYP06wLBqoCHAg. (1900)
- John Mackinnon Robertson (1902). A Short History of Christianity. Watts & Co.. http://books.google.com/books?id=bAQ_AAAAIAAJ&dq=History+of+Freethought+in+the+Nineteenth+Century+Robertson&as_brr=1&ei=YZ0HR72cHIi67gLu66mDAg. (1902)
- John Mackinnon Robertson (1903). Pagan Christs. Watts & Co.. http://sacred-texts.com/bib/cv/pch/index.htm.
- John Mackinnon Robertson (1902). Letters on Reasoning. Watts. http://books.google.com/books?id=fuI0AAAAMAAJ&dq=Letters+on+Reasoning++Robertson&as_brr=1&ei=EJ4HR6_MBoTg6wK42pmDAg. (1905, 2nd edition)
- John Mackinnon Robertson (1906). A short history of freethought ancient and modern. Watts & co.. http://books.google.com/books?id=ZpjjMAax_3MC&dq=John+Mackinnon+Robertson+inauthor:John+inauthor:Mackinnon+inauthor:Robertson&as_brr=1&ei=bZkHR6zWOJOK7AKQ1qSDAg. (2 vols, 1915)
- The Historical Jesus (1916)
- The Jesus Problem (1917)
- Short History of Morals (1920)
- Jesus and Judas (1927)
- ↑ Michael Freeden, ‘Robertson, John Mackinnon (1856–1933)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2006, accessed 5 April 2009.
- ↑ Robertson, John M. (1892). The Fallacy of Saving. http://www.archive.org/stream/fallacyofsavings00robe/fallacyofsavings00robe_djvu.txt.
- ↑ Nash, Robert T.; Gramm, William P. (1969). "A Neglected Early Statement the Paradox of Thrift". History of Political Economy 1 (2): 395–400. doi:10.1215/00182702-1-2-395. http://hope.dukejournals.org/cgi/pdf_extract/1/2/395.
- Robertson, J.M. (1889). Miscellanies. Essays. From Internet Archive.
- Dekkers, Odin (1998).J. M. Robertson. Ashgate.
- Works by John Mackinnon Robertson at the Internet Archive
- The Jesus Problem - Robertson, J M) Works by John Mackinnon Robertson at the Internet Archive
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Hugh Crawford Smith
|Member of Parliament for Tyneside|