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|John Geraerdt Crommelin, Jr.|
|Born October 2, 1902 – November 2, 1996|
|Place of birth||Montgomery, Alabama|
|Place of death||Montgomery, Alabama|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Unit||Naval aviation, USS Enterprise, Navy headquarters|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Other work||Gubernatorial, Senate, Vice Presidential and Presidential candidate|
Crommelin earned a reputation of courageous and skillful naval aviator and nickname "bomb-run John". He served as an executive officer as well as air officer aboard the Enterprise and was chief of staff aboard the carrier Liscombe Bay when it was sunk in the Makin Island campaign off the Gilbert Islands.
In 1949 he served at Navy headquarters in The Pentagon in rank of captain. He became there a vocal critic of navy politics, despite being in active service. Captain Crommelin publicly complained that the Defense Department was scuttling naval air power and showing improper favor to the Air Force, and that "a Prussian General Staff system of the type employed by Hitler" was being imposed on the armed forces under unification.
Crommelin was publicly reprimanded by Admiral Forrest P. Sherman, then Chief of Naval Operations, for making public confidential Navy letters linking top admirals to active opposition against unification.
In result, he was transferred to San Francisco, California. After he continued his criticism in the face of orders to keep silent, he was ordered by Admiral Sherman to be furloughed at half pay, beginning early in 1950.
His activity and views became publicly well-known. In example in 1950 The New York Times's military affairs expert Hanson W. Baldwin wrote that Captain Crommelin was a "stormy petrel who wouldn't shut up."
Crommelin retired from active duty with the rank of Rear Admiral in May 1950, after 30 years. He went to operate a part of his family plantation, named Harrogate Springs, in Elmore County, raising a variety of crops.
Although he was widely praised and credited for his courage in speaking out for his views and for his previous distinguished combat career, Crommelin's reputation suffered from his later political involvement.
At this time he was known for segregationist, white-supremacist and antisemitic public views. A self-styled white man's candidate, he claimed that Jews are the real enemy of "white Christian Alabamians", asserting that they controlled the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
A website run by white supremacist James von Brunn featured a letter from Crommelin to von Brunn's son praising von Brunn for his service to white Christians and decrying the fact that von Brunn was experiencing legal problems in connection with von Brunn's "citizens' arrest" attempt (effectively, a kidnapping attempt) of governors of the Federal Reserve System.
Alongside his Senatorial and Gubernatorial bids in Alabama, he was nominated for Vice President by the minor far-right National States' Rights Party (not to be confused with the more moderate Dixiecrats), as the running mate of Governor of Arkansas Orval Faubus.
None of his electoral bids was successful.
He married Lillian E. Landis in 1930, who died in 1991. They had two daughters and one son.
- J. Lister Hill (D) (inc.) – 125,534 (76.54%)
- John G. Crommelin (Independent) – 38,477 (23.46%)
Democratic primary for the U.S. Senate from Alabama, 1956
- J. Lister Hill (inc.) – 247,519 (68.20%)
- John G. Crommelin – 115,440 (31.81%)
Alabama gubernatorial election, 1958 (Democratic primary)
- John Malcolm Patterson – 196,859 (31.82%)
- George Wallace – 162,435 (26.26%)
- Jimmy Faulkner – 91,512 (14.79%)
- A.W. Todd – 59,240 (9.58%)
- Laurie Battle – 38,955 (6.30%)
- George Hawkins – 24,332 (3.93%)
- C.C. Owen – 15,270 (2.47%)
- Karl Harrison – 12,488 (2.02%)
- Billy Walker – 7,963 (1.29%)
- W.E. Dodd – 4,753 (0.77%)
- John G. Crommelin – 2,245 (0.36%)
- Shearen Elebash – 1,177 (0.19%)
- James Gulatte – 798 (0.13%)
- Shorty Price – 655 (0.11%)
Democratic primary for the U.S. Senate from Alabama, 1960
- John Sparkman (inc.) – 335,722 (86.68%)
- John G. Crommelin – 51,571 (13.32%)
- John F. Kennedy/Lyndon B. Johnson (D) – 34,220,984 (49.9%) and 303 electoral votes (22 states carried)
- Richard Nixon/Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (R) – 34,108,157 (49.5%) and 219 electoral votes (26 states carried)
- Harry F. Byrd/Strom Thurmond/Barry Goldwater (Independents) – 15 electoral votes (Mississippi and Alabama unpledged and faithless electors from Oklahoma)
- Unpledged electors (D) – 286,359 (0.4%) and 0 electoral votes
- Eric Hass/Georgia Cozzini (Socialist Labor) – 47,522 (0.07%)
- Rutherford L. Decker/Earle Harold Munn (Prohibition Party) -–46,203 (0.07%)
- Orval E. Faubus/John G. Crommelin (National States' Rights Party) – 44,984 (0.07%)
Democratic primary for the U.S. Senate from Alabama, 1962
- J. Lister Hill (inc.) – 363,613 (73.71%)
- Donald G. Hallmark – 72,855 (14.77%)
- John G. Crommelin – 56,822 (11.52%)
Democratic primary for the U.S. Senate from Alabama, 1966
- John Sparkman (inc.) – 378,295 (56.98%)
- Frank E. Dixon – 133,139 (20.05%)
- John G. Crommelin – 114,622 (17.26%)
- Margaret E. Stewart – 37,889 (5.71%)
United States presidential election, 1968 (Democratic primaries)
- Eugene McCarthy – 2,914,933 (38.73%)
- Robert Kennedy – 2,305,148 (30.63%)
- Stephen M. Young – 549,140 (7.30%)
- Lyndon B. Johnson – 383,590 (5.10%)
- Thomas C. Lynch – 380,286 (5.05%)
- Roger D. Branigin – 238,700 (3.17%)
- George Smathers – 236,242 (3.14%)
- Hubert Humphrey – 166,463 (2.21%)
- Unpledged – 161,143 (2.14%)
- Scott Kelly – 128,899 (1.71%)
- George Wallace – 34,489 (0.46%)
- Richard Nixon (write-in) – 13,610 (0.18%)
- Ronald Reagan (write-in) – 5,309 (0.07%)
- Ted Kennedy – 4,052 (0.05%)
- Paul C. Fisher – 506 (0.01%)
- John G. Crommelin – 186 (0.00%)
|Party political offices|
|National States' Rights Party Vice Presidential nominee|
| Succeeded by|
J. B. Stoner