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Jnanasutra (Tibetan: ye shes mdo[1]). (need dates) is a Vajrayana Dzogchenpa who was a disciple of Sri Singha. Jnanasutra was a spiritual brother of Vimalamitra, another principal disciple of Sri Singha.[2]


There appear to be two Jnanasutra's, with different Tibetan orthography for their names. Yeshe Do (Tibetan: ye shes mdo one flourished from the 5th - 6th centuries and was a disciple of Sri Singha, the other was a principal translator Yeshe De (Wylie: Ye shes sde; 8th-9th century), lotsawa, of the first wave of the Nyingmapa, known as the Ngagyur (Wylie: sna ’gyur), which began in the 7th century and continued until the time of Atisha.

Nomenclature, orthography and etymology

Jnanasutra (Tibetan: ye shes mdo) is sometimes rendered as Yeshe De.

In Jigme Lingpa's terma of the Ngondro of the Longchen Nyingtig he writes what approximates the phonemic Sanskrit of 'Jnanasutra' in Tibetan script as Tibetan: ཛྙཱ་ན་སཱུ་ཏྲWylie: dznyA na sU tra, rather than his name in Tibetan and this comes just after a sentence to Sri Singha and before mentioning Vimalamitra.


Yeshe De (Wylie: ye shes sde; Sanskrit: Jnanasutra), a Nyingmapa, was according to Tarthang Tulku (1980)[3] the principal 'translator' (Tibetan: lotsawa) of the first wave of translations from Sanskrit to Tibetan.[4]

Jnanasutra left his body 994 years after Shakyamuni Buddha's parinirvana.[5]

Texts involved with


  1. Dharma Dictionary (2008). Jnanasutra. Source: [1] (accessed: January 29, 2008)
  2. Dowman, Keith (undated). Legends of the Dzogchen Masters. Source: [2] (accessed: January 29, 2008)
  3. Tarthang Tulku (1980). Guide to the Nyingma Edition of the sDe-dge bKa '-'gyur/bsTan-'gur. Vol. 1, California, USA, 1980.
  4. Rhaldi, Sherab (undated). 'Ye-Shes-sDe; Tibetan Scholar and Saint'. Tibetan & Himalayan Digital Library. Source: [3] (accessed: Wednesday April 1, 2009)
  5. Dharma Dictionary (2008). ye shes mdo. Source: [4] (accessed: January 29, 2008)

See also

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