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|Part of a series of articles on|
|Jews and Judaism|
|Who is a Jew? · Etymology · Culture|
Jewish identity is the objective or subjective state of perceiving oneself as a Jew and as relating to being Jewish. Under the broader definition, the Jewish identity does not depend on whether or not a person is regarded as a Jew by others, or by an external set of religious, or legal, or sociological norms. Accordingly, Jewish identity can be cultural in nature. Jewish identity can involve ties to the Jewish community. Traditional Judaism bases Jewishness on matriachal descent. According to Jewish law (halacha), all those born of a Jewish mother are Jewish, regardless of personal beliefs or level of observance of Jewish law. Jews who are atheists may have Jewish identity. While the absolute majority of people with this identity are of Jewish ethnicity, people born from a mixed Jewish and non-Jewish background may have Jewish identity. (See also "half-Jewish".)
Jewish identity can be separated into three separate, independent parts:
A cultural concept
Jewish identity can be cultural.
There are religious and cultural components to Jewish identity, just as there are religious and cultural components of Christian identity or Muslim identity. However, Jewish identity also has a strong ethnic component to it, absent (especially in the United States) in most of the Christian identity.
Antisemitism and Jewish identity
According to Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, modern Jewish communities and the modern Jewish identity are influenced by antisemitism. Jewish identity can be influenced by the antisemitism that some non-Jews harbor toward them. The Jewish diaspora in most places suffered persecution by Church or Mosque. They were landless and suffered periodic massacres, expulsions and other abuses. It also involves identification with abusers and attempts to appease them. (See also self-hating Jew.)
- Jewish population
- Who is a Jew?
- Basic Laws of Israel
- Law of Return
- Politics of Israel
- Ashkenazi Jews
- Jewish diaspora
- Sephardi Jews
- Mizrahi Jews
- Jewish cuisine
- Secular Jewish culture
- Cultural diversity
- Identity politics
- Social identity
- Leadel.NET - Leading Jewish Inspiration ; What makes Jewish Identity on the web?
- Love, Hate, and Jewish Identity, Jonathan Sacks
- The Meaning of Jewish Identity, Rabbi Barry H. Block
- Jewish Identity: A Social Psychological Perspective
- Jewish Identity by David Theo Goldberg, Michael Krausz
- The Peace Encyclopaedia
- Zehut Institute
- Laurent Cohen,Three Intellectuals and a People,an article about the Jewish Identity of Hannah Arendt, Gershom Scholemand Simone Weil,Eretz AcheretMagazine
|This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Jewish identity. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.|