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Jerusalem in Islam is considered a sacred city, and has played a significant role in the faith. The al-Aqsa mosque of Jerusalem is considered the third holiest site in Islam, after the mosques of al-Haram and al-Nabawi. Also in particular:
- It is strongly associated with people regarded as Prophets of Islam - in particular, David, Solomon, and Jesus;
- It was the first qibla (direction of prayer) in Islam, before the Kaaba in Mecca;
- Muhammad is believed to have been taken by the miraculous steed Buraq to visit Jerusalem, where he prayed, and then to visit heaven, in a single night in the year 620. The Qur'anic verse (17:1) is interpreted by all widely used tafsirs (commentaries) as referring to this journey, with the term "the farthest Mosque" (al-masjid al-Aqsa) referring to the Noble Sanctuary in Jerusalem, where the mosque stands:
سُبْحَانَ الَّذِي أَسْرَى بِعَبْدِهِ لَيْلاً مِّنَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الأَقْصَى الَّذِي بَارَكْنَا حَوْلَهُ
Subhana al-lazei asra b-abdihi laylan mmina al-masjidi al-haram ila al-masjidi al-aqsa al-lazei barakna haolah
|“||Glory to He (God) Who did take His servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to the farthest Mosque, whose precincts We did bless (Yusuf Ali's translation).||„|
Jerusalem is not directly mentioned by name in the Qur'an.
The Islamic significance of Jerusalem is often politically debated by the respective sides of the Israeli Palestinian conflict. The pro-Palestinian side seeing it as holy after the cities of Mecca and Medina. while the pro-Israeli side hold that it has little or no actual sanctity.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Jerusalem in Islam|
- Jerusalem in the Qurâan Book by Shaykh Imran Hosein
- Al Quds fil Quran (in Arabic Language) Book by Shaykh Imran Hoseinlt:Islamas Jeruzalėje