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Jerusalem cross

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Jerusalem Cross 2

Jerusalem Cross

The Jerusalem cross, also known as Crusaders' cross, is an heraldic cross or Christian symbol consisting of a large Greek cross surrounded by four smaller Greek crosses, one in each quadrant.

File:Crusaders.png
Flag of Georgia

Flag of Georgia

The simpler form of the cross is known as the "Crusaders' Cross", because it was on the papal banner given to the Crusaders by Pope Urban II for the First Crusade, and was a symbol of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. The four smaller crosses are said to symbolize either the four books of the Gospel or the four directions in which the Word of Christ spread from Jerusalem. Alternately, all five crosses can symbolize the five wounds of Christ during the Passion. This symbol is also used in the flag of Georgia.

Sometimes the larger cross is in the form of a cross potent or a cross crosslet, and in this configuration is referred to as the "Jerusalem Cross" proper.

It is the cross commonly used during the Christian retreat, Kairos (retreat).

Unicode character

The Unicode character set has a character , U+2629 CROSS OF JERUSALEM in the Miscellaneous Symbols table. However, the glyph associated with that character is a cross potent, and not a Jerusalem cross.

External links

da:Jerusalemskorsid:Salib Yerusalemka:იერუსალიმის ჯვარი

lt:Jeruzalės kryžiusno:Jerusalemskorsru:Крест крестоносцев sl:Jeruzalemski križ fi:Jerusalemin risti sv:Jerusalemkors zh:耶路撒冷十字

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