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Jean de Dunois

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John of Orléans, Count of Dunois (French Jean d'Orléans, comte de Dunois, also known as John of Orléans and Bastard of Orléans) (23 November 1402 – 24 November 1468) was the illegitimate son of Louis d'Orléans (Duc d'Orléans 1372-1407) by Mariette d'Enghien.

The term "Bastard of Orléans" (bâtard d'Orléans) was the usual name for most of his career. In his era this was a term of respect since it acknowledged him as a first cousin to the king and acting head of a cadet branch of the royal family during his half-brother's captivity.

His father died in 1407. His legitimate half-brother became an English prisoner at the Battle of Agincourt and remained so for several decades. This left him the only adult male of the house of Orléans.

He joined the civil war in France in the time of Charles VI on the side of the Armagnacs, and was captured by the Burgundians in 1418. Released in 1420, he entered the service of the Dauphin Charles, fighting in the Hundred Years' War against English forces.

The future count Dunois led the French defenses at the siege of Orléans. Together with Joan of Arc he relieved the siege. He joined her on the campaigns of 1429 and remained active after her death.


  • Lord of Valbonais (1421–1468)
  • Count of Mortain (1424–1425)
  • Viscount of Saint-Sauveur
  • Count of Périgord (1430–1439)
  • Count of Dunois (1439–1468)
  • Count of Longueville (1443–1468)

Marriages and progeny

He married Marie Louvet (d. 1426) in April 1422 at Bourges, by whom he had no children.

He married a second time to Marie of Harcourt (d. 1464), Lady of Parthenay 26 October 1439 and had two children:

  • François d'Orléans-Longueville (1447–1491), Count of Dunois, Tancarville, Longueville, and Montgomery, Baron of Varenguebec, Viscount of Melun, Chamberlain of France, Governor of Normandy and the Dauphiné, Constable and Chamberlain of Normandy, married 2 July 1466 to Agnès de Savoie (1445–1508)
  • Catherine d'Orléans (1449–1501), married 14 May 1468 to John VII of Saarbrucken (1430–1492), Count of Roucy


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Jean de Dunois. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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