Born in Saint-Étienne, Loire, he studied at the Lycée du Parc in Lyon and was accepted at the École normale supérieure in Paris. His principal religious and intellectual influence was from a blind priest, Francois Pouget. He finished his philosophical studies in the early 1920s and later became a professor in many famous French universities. During World War II, he was made a war prisoner by the Nazis. In the year 1954, he earned a literary award from the Académie Française. From 1955 to 1968 he continued his works as a professor at the Sorbonne. He became a member of the Académie Française in 1961.
In most of his works, Jean Guitton writes about and discusses the confrontation between human faith and human logic. During his life, he wrote more or less one hundred books.
He died in Saint-Étienne.
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