Jazer (or Jaazer) was a city east of the Jordan River, in or near Gilead,[1] and inhabited by the Amorites. It was taken by a special expedition sent by Moses to conquer it.[2] From the Septuagint,[3] it appears that Jazer was on the border of Ammon. As an important city it gave its name to the whole of the surrounding territory.[4] Even a "sea of Jazer" is mentioned in Jer. xlviii. 32.[5]

Jazer is stated to have been a fertile land fit for the raising of cattle[6] and a place having many vineyards.[7] It was occupied by the children of Gad,[8] by which tribe it was allotted to the Merarite Levites.[9] In the time of David it seems to have been occupied by the Hebronites, who were descendants of Kohath.[10] It was chosen as one of the stations by David's officers who were sent to number the children of Israel.[11]

According to Josephus,[12] Jazer was captured and burned by Judas Maccabeus. The site of Jazer was defined by Eusebius and Jerome[13] as being 8 or 10 Roman miles west of Philadelphia, and 15 miles north of Heshbon, and as the source of a large river falling into the Jordan. It is identified by some scholars[14] with the modern Khurbat Ṣar on the road from `Iraq al Amir to Al-Salt; but this identification has been rejected by Cheyne.[15]


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  1. Num. xxxii. 1, 3; I Chron. l.c.
  2. Num. xxi. 32
  3. Which reads Ἰαζήρ for עז in Num. xxi. 24
  4. ib. xxxii. 1
  5. but comp. the Septuagint rendering πολις Ιαζήρ probably due to reading (Hebrew in JE) instead of (Hebrew in JE)
  6. ib.
  7. Isa. xvi. 8, 9; Jer. l.c.
  8. Josh. xiii. 25; I Chron. xxvi. 31
  9. Josh. xxi. 39; I Chron. vi. 66 [A. V. 81]
  10. I Chron. xxvi. 31
  11. II Sam. xxiv. 5
  12. "Ant." xii. 8, § 1
  13. "Onomasticon," s.v. "Azor"
  14. e.g., S. Merrill; see Hastings, "Dict. Bible," s.v.
  15. Cheyne and Black, "Encyc. Bibl." s.v.

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