In the New Testament, James appears only in connection with his mother "Mary" in Mark 15:40, Mark 16:1, Matthew 27:56. In Mark 15:40 and Matthew 27:56 he is accompanied by a brother called Joses or Joseph.
Identification as James, the son of Alphaeus Edit
James the Less is usually identified with James, son of Alphaeus, one of the Twelve Apostles. This association might possibly identify his mother as the same person as Mary of Clopas, mentioned only in John 19:25. It must however be noted that the Gospel of John does not include anyone called James among Jesus' disciples.
Identification as James the Just Edit
James could also be identified as being the brother of Jesus, James the Just. Mark 15:40 associates James with Jesus' mother Mary and brother Joses. In Mark 6:3, when referring to Jesus, it states that people asked if he was not the son of Mary and brother of James, Joses, Judas and Simon.
- ↑ He is also labelled "the minor", "the little", "the lesser", or "the younger", according to translation.
- Some or all of this article is forked from Wikipedia. The original article was at James the Less. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.
- Catholic Encyclopedia: Saint James the Less, identifying the Apostle James with James, brother of Jesus
- James the Less: The Latter Rain Page
- Eusebius, Historia Ecclesia
- Who's Who in The New Testament, Ronals Brownrigg, Oxford University Press, 1993
- The 12, The Story of Christ's Apostles, Edgar J. Goodspeed, Holt, Rinehart and Winston
- The Search for the Twelve Apostles, William Steuart McBirnie, Ph. D. Tyndale Pp183–194.