Styles of
James Knox
CardinalCoA PioM
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Melitene (titular see)

James Robert Knox (2 March 1914 - 18 July 1983) was a Roman Catholic cardinal and former Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments.

Knox was born in Bayswater within the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Perth in Australia. He was a son of John Knox and Emily Walsh, both of whom were from Ireland. He was educated at the seminary at New Norcia and later at the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum ("De Propaganda Fide") in Rome. He was ordained on 22 December 1941. He served as a staff member of the Vatican Secretariat of State from 1948 until 1950. He was also a staff member of Vatican Radio for a year between 1949 and 1950. He was Secretary to the apostolic delegate in Japan form 1950 until 1953. He was created a monsignor on 22 July 1950.


Pope Pius XII appointed him titular Archbishop of Melitene and Apostolic Delegate in British Africa, with his residence in Mombasa on 20 July 1953. He was consecrated in November of that year in Rome by Cardinal Celso Costantini. He was Internuncio in India and apostolic delegate in Burma and Ceylon from 1957. He attended the Second Vatican Council in Rome.

He was appointed Archbishop of Melbourne on 13 April 1967. In 1970 he approved the extension of St Patrick's Cathedral's sanctuary into the transept crossing to provide the space required for the liturgy following the Second Vatican Council. The new sanctuary worked admirably for the many ceremonies of the 40th International Eucharistic Congress held in Melbourne in February 1973.

He was created Cardinal Priest of Santa Maria in Vallicella in the consistory of 5 March 1973. He was appointed Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments in early 1974. He resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese on 1 July 1974. In 1978, he took part in the conclaves that elected Pope John Paul I and Pope John Paul II in August and October.

He died in 1983 in Rome, aged 69, and is buried in the crypt of Melbourne's St Patrick's Cathedral.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Justin Simonds
5th Catholic Archbishop of Melbourne
Succeeded by
Frank Little
Preceded by
Antonio Samoré
Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments
21 March 1973–8 April 1984
Succeeded by
Giuseppe Casoria
no:James Robert Knox

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