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Jaljulia

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Jaljulia
Jaljulia COA
JaljuliyaSouthEntrance
Southern entrance to Jaljulia
District Center
Government Local council
Hebrew גַ'לְג'וּלְיָה
Arabic جلجولية
Also spelled Jaljulye (officially)
Population 8,000 (2006)
Area 1900 dunams (1.9 km2; 0.73 sq mi)

Jaljulia (Hebrew: גַ'לְג'וּלְיָה‎, Arabic: جلجولية‎), officially also spelled Jaljulye, is a local council in the Center District of Israel, located next to Hod HaSharon and Kfar Sava. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), its population was 8,000 at the end of 2006.[1] Jaljulia's jurisdiction is 1,900 dunams.

As of 2004, Jaljulia is almost 100% Muslim Arabs, with no significant Jewish population.

History

In Roman times the village was known as Galgulis, while during the Crusader period it was referred to as Jorgilia. In 1241 C.E. (663 H) it is known that the Sultan Baybars allocated equal shares of the village to three of his amirs. One of these, amir Badr al-Din Baktash al-Fakri, included his section of the village in a waqf he established.[2]

In 1596, Jaljulia was part of the Ottoman Empire, nahiya (subdistrict) of Banu Sa´b under the Liwa of Nablus, with a population of 100 households ("Khana"). It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat and barley, as well as "summer crops", "occasional revenues", "goats and bees", and a market toll. There was also a poll tax, jizya, on the Christians and Jews in the locality.[3]

Mosque of Abu Awn

File:Jaljulia-53.jpg

The mosque is locally known as Jami Abu´l - Awn, which associates it with the fifteenth-century religious leader Shams al-Din Abu´l - Awn Muhammad al-Ghazzi, who is known to have come from the town.[4] The architecture of the mosque is, according to Petersen, consistent with a fifteenth or early sixteenth century construction date.[5]

At present the structure consists of one large vaulted chamber, and three small barrel-vaulted cells. A large second chamber to the west was destroyed by British artillery during World War I.[5]

Kharavanserai

Jaljulia-74

Mamluk Khan, Jaljulia

The Khan is located opposite side of the road of the mosque.

The Khan was built by Sayf al-Din Tankiz, the governor of Damascus 1312-1340,[6] and it was still functioning in the sixteenth century, when it was mentioned in an Ottoman firman.[7] In the nineteenth century it was seen by Guérin, who described it as a beautiful khan with a (ruined) polygonal minaret.[8]

Petersen, who surveyed the structure in 1996, found the courtyard entirely overgrown and it was not possible to detect any features within, however, he notes that a nineteenth century visitor had mentioned that there was "a great round well" in the centre.[9]

See also

References

  1. "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-06-30. http://www.cbs.gov.il/population/new_2009/table3.pdf. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
  2. MPF 92, no 20 Cited in Petersen (2002)p 178
  3. Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieiter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 140. Quoted in Petersen (2002), p. 176
  4. Mayer et al. (1950), p. 29, 37. Cited in Petersen (2002), p.177
  5. 5.0 5.1 Petersen (2002), p.178
  6. According to Maqrizi, Cited in Petersen (2002), p.178
  7. Heyd (1969), p.110. Cited in Petersen (2002), p.178
  8. Samarie II, 368. Cited in Petersen (2002), p. 179
  9. Ritter (1866), vol 4, p. 249. Cited in Petersen (2002), p. 178

Bibliography

External links

Coordinates: 32°09′13″N 34°57′06″E / 32.15353°N 34.9518°E / 32.15353; 34.9518ar:جلجولية

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