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Irsee Abbey

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Klosterkirche-irsee

Irsee Abbey Church

Irsee Abbey (Kloster Irsee, Abtei or Reichsabtei Irsee) is a former Benedictine abbey located at Irsee near Kaufbeuren in Bavaria. It is now a conference and training centre for the Swabian Administrative Region (Bezirk Schwaben [1]).

History

Abbey

Reichsabtei Irsee coat of arms

Irsee Arms

The monastery, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, was founded in 1186 by Margrave Henry of Ronsberg to house a community that had grown up around a local hermit. It came close to collapse in the 14th century, when the community was reduced to a single monk, and was saved only by the intervention in 1373 of Anna von Ellerbach, the second founder, sister of the Bishop of Augsburg, and her appointee, abbot Conrad III, known for his extreme frugality. After severe losses during both the Peasants' War in 1525 and the Thirty Years' War in the 17th century, including on both occasions the destruction of the library and on the second occasion of the archives, the abbey was finally able to put itself back on a stable footing in the later 17th century, and at length in 1694 was granted Reichsunmittelbarkeit, becoming an Imperial abbey (Reichsabtei). The monastery was dissolved in the secularisation of 1802 when it became a part of Bavaria. The greater part of the library was moved to Metten Abbey.

In 1812 accommodation for the parish priest and local officials was set up in the monastery buildings.

Hospital

From 1849 the premises were used as an asylum and hospital for the mentally ill. Between 1939 and 1945 more than 2,000 patients, both adults and children, were transported by the then regime from Irsee and Kaufbeuren to death camps.

Conference centre

In 1972 the hospital was wound up. The local authority of the district of Schwaben began the restoration of the buildings in 1974, which opened as the Schwäbische Tagungs- und Bildungszentrum Kloster Irsee ("Kloster Irsee Swabian Conference and Training Centre") in 1984.

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Coordinates: 47°54′35″N 10°34′30″E / 47.90972°N 10.575°E / 47.90972; 10.575

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