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Internet Haganah is a "global intelligence network dedicated to confronting internet activities by Islamists and their supporters, enablers and apologists." Internet Haganah also is an activist organization which attempts to convince businesses not to provide web-based services to such groups, and collects intelligence to store and pass on to government organizations. It was formed by Aaron Weisburd in 2002, and became part of a collection of private anti-terrorist web monitoring companies, including "Terrorism Research Center", "Search for International Terrorist Entities Institute", and "Northeast Intelligence Network". Weisburd is the only full time employee of Internet Haganah, which is run primarily from his home office, with the help of many online associates.
Haganah is a Hebrew word meaning "defense". Haganah is also the name of the early Zionist militia originally formed to defend Jewish settlers in British mandate Palestine, and which evolved into what is now the Israel Defense Forces.
There are two main parts to Internet Haganah:
- A small, global band of researchers, consultants, analysts and translators, who "associate and collaborate with each other as necessitated by our common desire to do more than just watch Islamists as they use the internet. We [Internet Haganah] share an understanding that a jihad, or holy war, has been declared against the West, and these jihadists need to be met on whatever field of battle they may appear."
- The parent organization is The Society for Internet Research.
The organization claims to have taken down approximately 730 Jihad sites. Their success logo, is a simple drawing of an AK-47, colored blue.
To target websites perceived as threats, the organization relies upon its web community to find jihadists, and use a free "whois" service to determine if a US based server hosts them. If so, as in the case of mawusat.com and its host Go Daddy, Internet Haganah operatives express concern about the nature of the site and ask the host to remove it. If this does not work and if the site concerns the US State Department's list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations, or the US Treasury's Office of Foreign Asset Control's list of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons, Internet Haganah contacts the Banks and Financiers of the host, who could face serious penalties for engaging in unreported transactions with the suspect website. If all else fails, the media may be contacted.
However, as the defense become more elaborate, so does the offense. In the case of GoDaddy.com and mawusat.com, the site was attacked, but appeared on a different server within a week. Newsweek reported that:
"It’s no coincidence, they argue, that in just the past year, Islamists have gotten savvier in their use of the Internet. In early 2004, Iraqi insurgent Abu Mussab al-Zarqawi and his group posted the video of the execution of Nicholas Berg, an American contractor working in Iraq, to one Web site, which was quickly overwhelmed with traffic. Today, jihadis post evidence of their operations on dozens of sites and coordinate their operations on secret e-mail lists, password-protected Web sites and audio chat services like PalTalk, which don’t leave behind a printed record. “The level of sophistication of these groups has become just unbelievable,”says Rita Katz, who monitors Islamic Internet activities as director of the D.C.-based Site Institute."- Stone, Brad (July 13, 2005.)
Many free speech activists allege that Internet Haganah (and its founder Aaron Weisburd) is actually an Israeli-Zionist front dedicated to suppress free speech and is driven by an anti-Islamic bias and as such they label the organization and its founder as Cyber-Terrorist who are driven by intolerance of presence of differing and opposing ideologies on the internet. In many cases such as IslamOnline, the victim web site was simply a portal for Islamic preaching and general theology which had nothing to do with inciting violence. 
A. Aaron Weisburd is a "half-Irish, half-Jewish New Yorker" in Carbondale, Illinois. He was a philosopy major at George Washington University. He is the founder and Director of Internet Haganah, and also of the Society for Internet Research.
Internet Haganah has received press coverage from such publications as Wired News and Newsweek. A profile of Internet Haganah and their conflict with Islamist hacker Irhabi 007 was featured in the July/August 2006 of The Atlantic. Haganah has also been reported on by a Hamas newspaper.
- ↑ Andrew Aaron Weisburd of Internet Haganah: Cyber Terrorist http://santacruz.indymedia.org/newswire/display/17568/index.php
- ↑ Cha, Ariana (April 25, 2005). "Watchdogs Seek Out the Web's Bad Side". Washingon Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/04/24/AR2005042401062.html.