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Inimica vis

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Inimica vis (On Freemasonry) was a Papal Encyclical addressed to the bishops of Italy.[1]

It remarked on the multiple condemnations of Freemasonry over the preceding century and a half and concentrated on the local difficulties of the Italian church. It was promulgated by Leo XIII in 1892. It is still quoted in current Catholic criticisms of Freemasonry.[2]

It is viewed as reproving the Italian bishops for an apathetic response to Freemasonry[3] and it complained that some members of the Catholic clergy were co-operating with the Masonic and anticlerical government of Italy.[4] It was seen as the start of Papal "bargaining" with the forces symbolised by Freemasonry,[5] although it has also been noted that Freemasonry was denounced as a "vile sect".[6]

On the same date as Inimica vis was promulgated, (18 December 1892), Pope Leo XIII wrote Custodi di quella fede, an encyclical epistle addressed to the Italian people, attacking Freemasonry.

See also


  1. Inimica vis, text of the encyclical
  2. Bearing “False” Witness Continues, Mark Alessio, The Remnant
  3. p. 48, That They Be One: The Social Teaching of the Papal Encyclicals, by Michael Joseph Schuck, 1991, Georgetown University Press
  5. The Miter and The Trowel by William G. Madison]
  6. page 144, World Christianities, C. 1815-1914, y Sheridan Gilley, Brian Stanley, Cambridge University Press
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