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Ignatius Gabriel I Tappouni

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Mar Ignatius Gabriel I Tappouni
Patriarch of Antioch and all the East of the Syrians
Ignatius Gabriel I Tappouni.gif
Church Syrian Catholic Church
See Antioch
Enthroned July 15, 1929
Reign ended January 29, 1968
Predecessor Ignace Ephrem II Rahmani
Successor Ignace Antoine II Hayek
Personal details
Birth name Abdul-Ahad Dawood Tappouni
Born November 3, 1879
Mosul, Iraq
Died January 29, 1968
Beirut, Lebanon

Ignatius Gabriel I Tappouni (Arabic: جبرائيل تبّوني, French: Ignace-Gabriel I Tappouni) (November 3, 1879—January 29, 1968) was a leading prelate of the Syriac Catholic Church. He served as Patriarch of Antioch from 1929 and 1968, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1935.

Biography

Born Abdul-Ahad Dawood Tappouni, Baptized as Leo Gabriel, Tappouni was born in Mosul (in modern Iraq) and there studied at the Syro-Chaldean Dominican Seminary. He was ordained to the priesthood on November 3, 1902, taking the name Dominic. After teaching at the same seminary until 1908, Tappouni was then made Secretary of the Apostolic Delegation to Mesopotamia.

On September 12, 1912, he was appointed Titular Bishop of Danaba and the Chaldean Apostolic Vicar of Mardin. Tappouni was reassigned to Titular Bishop of Batnae dei Siri on January 19, 1913, which was the same date he received his episcopal consecration from Patriarch Ignace Ephrem II Rahmani. At his consecration he took the name Theophile Gabriel. During World War I, he was imprisoned by the Ottoman Turks in Aleppo during an Ottoman campaign to slaughter Christians. Many people attempted to interfere and negotiate for Tappouni's release, including Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria.

After his release, he was named Archbishop of Aleppo by Patriarch Rahmani on February 24, 1929. On 24 June of the same year, Tappouni was unanimously chosen by the Syrian Synod to replace the late Rahmani as Patriarch of Antioch and thus leader of the Syriac Catholic Church. Pope Pius XI confirmed his election on the following July 15, and created him Cardinal Priest of Ss. XII Apostoli by Pope Pius XI in the consistory of December 16, 1936. Tappouni, who took the name Ignatius Gabriel, was the first Eastern Rite prelate to be raised to the College of Cardinals since the reign of Pope Pius IX.

Tappouni was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 1939 papal conclave, which selected Pope Pius XII, and again voted in the 1958 conclave, which selected Pope John XXIII. From 1962 to 1965, he attended the Second Vatican Council, and sat on its Board of Presidency. After serving as a cardinal elector in the 1963 conclave, Tappouni resigned his cardinalatial church on February 11, 1965.

He died in Beirut at age 88, and is buried at the Syriac Catholic cathedral there.

Trivia

References

Literature

  • The Journal of The Syriac Catholic Parish of Aleppo.
  • Pham, John-Peter. "Heirs of the Fisherman: Behind the Scenes of Papal Death and Succession". Oxford University Press, 2007.

Online

Preceded by
Dionysius Ephrem Naccàsché
Archbishop of Aleppo
1921–1929
Succeeded by
Dionysius Habib Naassani
Preceded by
Ignatius Dionysius Ephrem II Rahmani
Syrian Catholic Patriarch of Antioch
1929–1968
Succeeded by
Ignatius Anthony II Hayek
ar:إغناطيوس جبرائيل الأول تبونيla:Ignatius Gabriel I Tappouni

no:Ignace-Gabriel I Tappouni

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