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Ignace Peter VII Jarweh

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Mar Ignace Peter VII Jarweh
Patriarch of Antioch
Church Syrian Catholic Church
See Patriarch of Antioch
Enthroned 25 February 1820
Reign ended 16 October 1851
Predecessor Ignace Simon II Hindi Zora
Successor Ignace Antony I Samhiri
Personal details
Birth name Peter Jarweh
Born 9 July 1777
Died 16 October 1851
Residence Charfet, Mount Lebanon

Mar Ignace Peter VII Jarwehh (or Butrus Javré, Jaroueh, Garweh, Djarweh, Giarvé, 1777–1851) was Patriarch of the Syrian Catholic Church from 1820 to 1851.

Life

Peter Jarweh was born on 9 July 1777 in Aleppo. He was a relative of Patriarch Ignace Michael III Jarweh who took care of his education. He was ordained priest on 12 June 1802 and visited Rome in 1805-1806. On 14 September 1810 he was ordained bishop of Jerusalem.

In 1818, after a contact with the Protestant missionary W. Jowett, he went to Europe to raise funds: in London the Church Missionary Society gave him 10,000 francs, and in Paris Louis XVIII gave him another 8,000 francs. With this amount he bought a printing press and took it to the Charfet monastery (the patriarchal See) in Lebanon in order to print the Bible and other liturgical texts in Arabic.[1]

On 25 February 1820 he was elected Patriarch of the Syrian Catholic Church, but Rome was suspicious[2] because of the gift he had received from the Protestant missionaries and he was confirmed patriarch only on 21 February 1828 by Pope Leo XII after he'd visited Rome in 1825-26.[1]

During his patriarchate the Syrian Catholic Church expanded, particularly in South Lebanon and in the area of Damascus and gained the conversion of some Syrian Orthodox bishops, among them Antony Samhiri (bishop of Mardin and future patriarch) and the bishops of Mosul and Homs. In Mosul the Catholic and Orthodox Syrians shared the same church-buildings but each one had their own priests.[3]

In 1830 the Ottoman Empire recognized the Armenian Catholic Church (that legally included also the Syrian Catholic Church) as a millet, a distinctive religious community within the Empire, thus obtaining civic emancipation for Peter Jarweh's Church from the Syrian Orthodox Church. Having no more to fear from harassment, Peter Jarweh moved the patriarchal See from the Charfet monastery in Lebanon to Aleppo to be closer to his flock. In 1836 he introduced the Gregorian calendar. In 1841 he changed the monastic profession in a simple embrace of the evangelical counsels and he reorganized the seminary of Charfet.

In September 1850 in Aleppo the Muslims attacked the Christians, burning the churches, and Patriarch Peter Jarweh was seriously wounded in the neck.[2] He died on 16 October 1851[1] (or on 16 November according to other sources).

Works

Peter Jarweh left three books of homilies, and a biography of Patriarch Michael III Jarweh.

Notes

External links

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