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|Mar Ignace Ephrem II Rahmani|
|Patriarch of Antioch|
|Church||Syrian Catholic Church|
|See||Patriarch of Antioch|
|Enthroned||9 October 1898|
|Reign ended||7 May 1929|
|Predecessor||Ignace Behnam II Benni|
|Successor||Ignace Gabriel I Tappouni|
|Birth name||Ephrem Rahmani|
21 November 1848|
7 May 1929|
Ephrem Rahmani was born on 21 November 1848 (or on 9 November 1849 according other sources) in Mosul. He studied by the Dominican friars in Mosul and later in in the College of the Propaganda in Rome and was ordained priest in April 1773.
Rahmani was appointed vicar of the bishop of Mosul with the titular title of bishop of Edessa and consecrated bishop on 2 October 1887 by Patriarch Ignace George V Chelhot. On 1 May 1894 Rahmani was appointed bishop of Aleppo. After the death of Ignace Behnam II Benni (13 September 1897) he was elected Patriarch on 9 October 1898 and confirmed by Pope Leo XIII on 28 November 1898.
As patriarch Rahmani was particularly interested in the instruction of the clergy. The early 20th-century was a period of expansion for the Syrian Catholic Church who received many Syrian Orthodox converts . In 1910 he moved the Patriarchal See from Mardin to Beirut.
With the World War I arrived the catastrophe: the Armenian Genocide brought destruction also to the Christian Syrians who lived in the same areas of the Armenians, and the Syrian Catholic Church had the number of its members cut by half with five dioceses (on ten) and fifteen missions destroyed.
Ephrem Rahmani was a liturgical scholar of international repute. In 1899 he discovered and published the first edition of the 4th-century text Testamentum Domini. His main contribution on the history of the liturgy is his book Les Liturgies Orientales et Occidentales, Beyrouth, 1929
- ↑ "Archbishop Ignacio Dionisio Efrem Rahmani (Rahamani)". Catholic-Hierarchy. http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/brahm.html. Retrieved 2009-03-01.
- ↑ "البطريرك أغناطيوس أفرام الثاني رحماني". http://www.syriaccatholic.org/Rahmany.aspx. Retrieved 2009-03-01.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 King, Archdale (1997) [1947/8]. The Rites of Eastern Christendom. p. 75–76. ISBN 9781593333911. http://books.google.it/books?id=9g6BTkcwXWMC&pg=PA84#PPA75,M1.
- ↑ Frazee, Charles A. (2006). Catholics and Sultans: The Church and the Ottoman Empire 1453–1923. Cambridge University Press. pp. 295. ISBN 9780521027007. http://books.google.it/books?id=X6DM4szwUpEC&printsec=frontcover#PPA295,M1. Retrieved 2009-02-25.
- ↑ "Patriarchal See of Antioch". Giga-Catholic Information. http://www.gcatholic.com/dioceses/diocese/anti1.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-28.