Holy Wisdom, also called Divine Wisdom (Ancient Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία, Hagia Sophia; Latin: Sancta Sophia) is the theological idea that perfect Wisdom is to be found in God alone.

The word Sophia ("wisdom") is encountered in both the Old Testament (in the Greek translation) and of the New Testament. In the New Testament it is used in three meanings:

  1. In relation to the Son of God as the Hypostatic Wisdom of God: "But we preach Christ crucified ... Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God" (1 Cor. 1:23-24); "Who of God is made unto us wisdom" (1 Cor. 1:30). Most of the Eastern Orthodox Cathedrals called "Hagia Sophia" being dedicated to Jesus Christ.[1][2]
  2. In the usual broad meaning of wisdom, understanding: "Jesus increased in wisdom and stature and grace" (Luke 2:52); "But wisdom is justified of all her children" (Luke 7:35).
  3. In the meaning of the wise economy of God expressed in the creation of the world, in his providence over the world, and in the salvation of the world from sin: "O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! For who hath known the mind of the Lord, or who hath been His counselor?" (Romans 11:33-34). "We speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory" (1 Cor. 2:7).


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