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The Biblical Holy Days (also called feasts or festivals) occur during those times of the year around the world equating to the early-spring harvest, late-spring harvest and early-autumn harvest in Israel. The themes these days portray reflect God's spiritual harvest of mankind to eternal life as spoken of by Jesus Christ in John 4:35-38. Whereas popular observances such as Easter and Christmas, which are regarded by many as being true representations of the themes of the Bible, are nowhere commanded in the Bible, God does command seven other feasts. Many Christians consider these Biblically-commanded festivals as relics of history with no relevance to modern Christianity. The New Testament however shows Jesus Christ observing the Biblical Holy Days, and His disciples following His example many decades after His death, burial and resurrection, with the early Church continuing to do so for several hundred years subsequently.
The modern term "holiday" is derived from "holy day".
The Biblically commanded feasts
|Observance||Commanded in Old Testament||Observed by Jesus Christ, the Apostles or the Church in the New Testament|
|Pesach||Leviticus 23:5||Matthew 26:2, 17-19; Mark 14:12-16; Luke 2:41-42; 22:1, 7-20; John 2:13, 23; 13:1-30; 1 Corinthians 11:23-29|
|Feast of Unleavened Bread||Leviticus 23:6-8||Matthew 26:17; Mark 14:12; Luke 2:41-42, 22:1,7; Acts 20:6|
|Feast of Pentecost*||Leviticus 23:15-22||Acts 2:1-21; 20:16; 1 Corinthians 16:8|
|Feast of Trumpets||Leviticus 23:23-25||Matthew 24:30-31; 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17; Revelation 11:15|
|Day of Atonement||Leviticus 23:26-32||Acts 27:9|
|Feast of Tabernacles||Leviticus 23:33-43||John 7:1-2, 8, 10, 14; Acts 18:21|
|Last Great Day||Leviticus 23:36||John 7:37-38|
*Also incorporates Feast of First Fruits, Feast of Weeks
The feasts in Judaism
The feasts correspond to those still observed in Judaism as follows:
- Passover - Pesach
- Feast of Unleavened Bread - Chag Hamatzot
- Pentecost - Shavuot
- Feast of Trumpets - Rosh Hashanah
- Day of Atonement - Yom Kippur
- Feast of Tabernacles - Sukkot
- Last Great Day - Shemini Atzeret
- ↑ What these Holy Days reveal "God's Holy Day Plan: The Promise for All Mankind" United Church of God. Accessed 17 February 2008
- ↑ King James Version BibleGateway
- ↑ Somerville, Robert "Why Christians Celebrate Biblical Memorial Days" Awareness Ministry. Accessed 17 February 2008
- ↑ Dankenbring, William F. "When Did the Early Church Observe the Passover?" Triumph Prophetic Ministries. Accessed 17 February 2008