|District||Judea and Samaria Area|
|Government||Local council (from 1995)|
|Name meaning||Mount Adar|
|Area||994 dunams (0.994 km2; 0.384 sq mi)|
|Head of municipality||Aviram Cohen (since 2004)|
Har Adar (Hebrew: הַר אֲדָר) is an Israeli settlement and local council in the Seam Zone and the Maccabim sub-region of the West Bank. It was founded in 1982 and has a population of 2,400. It is located on Road 425 next to Abu Ghosh and the Green Line, about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) west of Jerusalem. Har Adar is ranked high on the Israeli socio-economic scales, at 9/10.
History and name
The location of Har Adar was named Radar Hill (Hebrew: גִּבְעַת הָרָדָאר, Giv'at HaRadar), for the World War II British military installation there which had an anti-air radar for the protection of Jerusalem. The installation was handed over to the Jordanian Arab Legion on May 10, 1948, prior to the second phase of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. 23 attempts by the Palmach's Harel Brigade to conquer it failed, although the Jewish force held the position for four days starting May 22, 1948. It was finally captured in the Six-Day War by an armored brigade, also called Harel. A monument for the fallen soldiers of the brigade stands at the top of the town.
The current settlement was founded in 1982 by the Radar Hill Organization. Har Adar (lit. Mount Adar) was a similar-sounding Hebrew name given to the hill and the settlement.
In 2007, the population of Har Adar was 99.2% Jewish, with an additional 0.8% being other non-Arabs. Out of the 2,700 residents, 1,400 were men, and 1,300 women. The age distribution was as follows:
|Source: Israel Central Bureau of Statistics|
Har Adar is ranked 9/10 (high) on the Israeli socio-economic scale. According to Business Data Israel (BDI), in 2006 Har Adar had the most stable economic situation of all Israeli local councils, along with Kfar Shmaryahu. In 2006, the municipal surplus stood at NIS 354,000.
In 2005, there were 1,052 salaried workers in Har Adar. The average salary for makes was NIS 18,142, and 8,342 for women - both far higher than the national average. 28.3% salaried workers worked for minimum wage. In addition, there were 113 self-employed workers, with an average income of NIS 9,816.
Some 600 Palestinian workers travel to Har Adar every day to work as day laborers. A directive from the local council forbids the Palestinian laborers from walking on foot in the community, not even in order to shop at the local grocery store. Palestinian workers must depend on their employers to provide for their needs or to drive them if they need to go somewhere. The policy has been labeled racist by the Association for Civil Rights in Israel.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 HaReuveni, Immanuel (1999). Lexicon of the Land of Israel. Miskal - Yedioth Ahronoth Books and Chemed Books. p. 255. ISBN 965-448-413-7. (Hebrew)
- ↑ "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. December 31, 2007. http://www.cbs.gov.il/population/new_2009/table3.pdf. Retrieved 2008-05-21.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Local Authorities in Israel 2007, Publication #1358 - Municipality Profiles - Har Adar". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications/local_authorities2007/pdf/438_3769.pdf. Retrieved 2009-08-14. (Hebrew)
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Vilnai, Ze'ev (1976). "Giv'at HaRadar". Ariel Encyclopedia. Volume 2. Israel: Am Oved. pp. 1165–1166. (Hebrew)
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Local Authorities in Israel 2006, Publication #1295 - Municipality Profiles - Har Adar". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. http://www.cbs.gov.il/publications/local_authorities2006/pdf/308_3769.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-06. (Hebrew)
- ↑ "Har Adar: The Most Economically Organized Council". Emtza HaShavu'a (Jerusalem) (Yedioth Ahronoth). February 26, 2008. (Hebrew)
- ↑ Ababa, Danny Adino (March 22, 2009). "Har Adar Banning Movement of Palestinians". Ynetnews. http://www.ynetnews.com/Ext/Comp/ArticleLayout/CdaArticlePrintPreview/1,2506,L-3690028,00.html. Retrieved 2009-10-08.
- Har Adar local council web site (Hebrew).