Defeating the Five Vices
|Within this body dwell the five thieves:|
sexual desire, anger, greed, emotional attachment and egotism.
They plunder the Nectar, but the self-willed manmukh does not realize it;...
|sggs page 600|
The Gurmukhs, (Guru oriented) people realise the existence of these five while the Manmukhs (own-mind centred) folks do not and are under the constant exploits of the five - their actions, thoughts and behaviour are totally governed by these negative emotions. They have not learnt to recognise the influence of these negative internal forces and are under their total control.
The Guru asks us all to watch over the traits of our minds and the influence of these five emotions and regulate our thoughts in a positive way. Sikhs are encouraged to 'tackle' these five vices with Naam Simran (prayer, meditation) and with positive virtues of Seva (selfless service), Sat (Truth), Santokh (Contentment), Daya (Compassion), Nimrata (Humility) and Pyare (Love), etc. A Sikh needs to constantly guard and to overcome these five internal evils; to always be vigilant and on guard to tackle the negative effects of these five thieves at all times! Gurbani offers clear guidance to the devotee and many warnings of how to be spiritually aware of the damage that these vices can cause. The Sikh needs to keep the mind engaged in positive work and under the influence of creative and useful forces.
A Sikh is encouraged to spend time in regularly reading and critical analyzation in order to better understand the meaning of Gurbani (hymns) found in the Guru Granth Sahib; also to keep company of the Sadh Sangat (like-minded Gurmukh- Guru oriented) folks who share similar positive goals in life. The daily recitation of hymns reminds and teaches him/her how to avoid the pitfalls of life in this world; to become a better person; to value life; to attain maximum benefit from their time on this planet; to improve ones spiritual understanding and to understand the message of God and to attain a higher consciousness.
The Shabads (Gurbani) below help explain the position the Gurus take on this issue:
1. Lays waste to the body
- In the following Shabad, the Guru explains in very clear terms that lust and wrath will eat away the body away just as borax dissolves and eats away pure gold. So the pure God-given body will be wasted away if one allows the mind to be overcome by rage, anger or lust. One is given a very clear warning to guard oneself from these negative emotions.
|ਕਾਮੁ ਕ੍ਰੋਧੁ ਕਾਇਆ ਕਉ ਗਾਲੈ ॥ ਜਿਉ ਕੰਚਨ ਸੋਹਾਗਾ ਢਾਲੈ ॥|
Kām kroḏẖ kāiā kao gālai. Jio kancẖan sohāgā dẖālai.
|sggs page 932|
2. Sexual promiscuity
- a. Abandoning ones life partner
|ਹਾਥ ਕਮੰਡਲੁ ਕਾਪੜੀਆ ਮਨਿ ਤ੍ਰਿਸਨਾ ਉਪਜੀ ਭਾਰੀ ॥|
Hāth kamandal kāpṛīā man ṯarisnā upjī bẖārī.
ਇਸਤ੍ਰੀ ਤਜਿ ਕਰਿ ਕਾਮਿ ਵਿਆਪਿਆ ਚਿਤੁ ਲਾਇਆ ਪਰ ਨਾਰੀ ॥
|sggs page 1013|
- b. Painful diseases
- The Guru states that promiscuous behaviour will bring painful diseases to the person.
|ਭੋਗੀ ਕਉ ਦੁਖੁ ਰੋਗ ਵਿਆਪੈ ॥|
Bẖogī kao ḏukẖ rog viāpai.
|sggs page 1189|
3. Wounds of the soul
|ਕਾਮੁ ਕ੍ਰੋਧੁ ਜੀਅ ਮਹਿ ਚੋਟ ॥ ਨਾਮੁ ਵਿਸਾਰਿ ਚਲੇ ਮਨਿ ਖੋਟ ॥੨॥|
Kām kroḏẖ jīa meh cẖot. Nām visār cẖalė man kẖot.॥2॥
|sggs page 152|
4. Lead to ruin
|ਕਾਮਿ ਕ੍ਰੋਧਿ ਅਹੰਕਾਰਿ ਵਿਗੂਤੇ ॥ ਹਰਿ ਸਿਮਰਨੁ ਕਰਿ ਹਰਿ ਜਨ ਛੂਟੇ ॥੧॥|
Kām kroḏẖ ahaŉkār vigūṯė. Har simran kar har jan cẖẖūtė. ॥1॥
|sggs page 388|
5. Suffer in pain
|ਨਿਮਖ ਕਾਮ ਸੁਆਦ ਕਾਰਣਿ ਕੋਟਿ ਦਿਨਸ ਦੁਖੁ ਪਾਵਹਿ ॥|
Nimakẖ kām suāḏ kāraṇ kot ḏinas ḏukẖ pāvahi.
ਘਰੀ ਮੁਹਤ ਰੰਗ ਮਾਣਹਿ ਫਿਰਿ ਬਹੁਰਿ ਬਹੁਰਿ ਪਛੁਤਾਵਹਿ ॥੧॥
|sggs page 403|
6. About Purity of Virginity
|ਖਿੰਥਾ ਕਾਲੁ ਕੁਆਰੀ ਕਾਇਆ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਡੰਡਾ ਪਰਤੀਤਿ ॥|
खिंथा कालु कुआरी काइआ जुगति डंडा परतीति ॥
|sggs page 6|
|This page uses content from the English Sikhi Wiki. The original article was at Guru Granth Sahib against lust. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with the Religion-wiki, the text of Sikhi Wiki is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.|