Fandom

Religion Wiki

Greek Byzantine Catholic Church

34,278pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Part of a series on the
Eastern Catholics
DebateBetweenCatholicsAndOrientalChristiansInThe13thCenturyAcre1290
Churches
Syro-Malabar Church
Chaldean Church
Coptic Church
Ethiopian Church
Maronite Church
Syriac Church
Syro-Malankara Church
Armenian Church
Albanian Greek Church
Belarusian Greek Church
Bulgarian Greek Church
Croatian Greek Church
Greek Byzantine Church
Hungarian Greek Church
Italo-Albanian Church
Macedonian Greek Church
Melkite Greek Church
Romanian-Greek Church
Russian Byzantine Church
Ruthenian Church
Slovak Greek Church
Ukrainian Greek Church
046CupolaSPietro Catholicism Portal


The Greek Byzantine Catholic Church is a sui iuris particular Church in full union with the Roman Catholic Church which uses the Byzantine liturgical rite in the Koine Greek and modern Greek languages. Its membership includes inhabitants of Greece and Turkey.

History

Although, after the failure of the attempts by the Council of Lyon in 1274 and by the Council of Florence in 1439 to repair the breach of the East-West Schism between Greek and Latin Christians, many individual Greeks, then under Ottoman rule, embraced the Roman Catholic Church, it was not until the 1880s that a sui juris church specifically for Greek Catholics who followed the Byzantine Rite was built in the village of Malgara in Thrace. Before the end of the nineteenth century two more such churches were built, one in Constantinople, the other in Chalcedon.

In 1907 a native Greek priest, Isaias Papadopoulos, the priest who had built the church in Thrace, was appointed vicar general for the Greek Catholics within the Apostolic Delegation of Constantinople, and in 1911 he received episcopal consecration and was put in charge of the newly established ordinariate for Greek Byzantine Rite Catholics, which later became an exarchate. Thus was founded the particular Church of Byzantine Rite Greek Catholics. Much more numerous were the Greek Catholics of Latin Rite, who formed the majority of the population in some Aegean islands.

As a result of the conflict between Greece and Turkey after the First World War, the Greek Catholics of Malgara and of the neighbouring village of Daudeli moved to Yannitsa in Macedonia, and many of those who lived in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) emigrated or fled to Athens, among them the bishop who had succeeded to the position of Exarch and the religious institute of the Sisters of the Pammakaristos, founded in 1920.

In 1932 the territory of the Exarchate for Byzantine-Rite Greek Catholics was limited to that of the Greek state, and a separate Exarchate of Constantinople was established for those resident in Turkey. Due to continued emigration and anti-Greek nationalist incidents by Turks, among them the Istanbul Pogrom, the Greek Catholics of the latter exarchate have become reduced to extremely few. The last resident Greek-Catholic priest in Constantinople died in 1997 and has not since been replaced, and the only regular services in the Greek-Catholic Church of the Holy Trinity there are held by exiled Chaldean Catholics living in the city.

Vocations to the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church are largely drawn from the Greek islands of Syros and Tinos, which both have sizable Catholic populations.

Bishop Dimitrios Salachas (titular bishop of Carcabia) is current Apostolic Exarch of the Byzantine Rite Catholics in Greece.

Byzantine Rite Catholic Greeks in Greece number approximately 5,000.[1]

See also

Sources

  • Oriente Cattolico (Vatican City: The Sacred Congregation for the Eastern Churches, 1974)
  • Annuario Pontificio.

Footnotes

External links

cs:Řeckokatolická církevhr:Grkokatoličanstvono:Den hellenske gresk-katolske kirkept:Igreja Católica Bizantina Grega

ru:Греческая католическая церковь sk:Grécka gréckokatolícka cirkev sl:Grška katoliška cerkev sr:Грчка католичка црква uk:Грецька католицька церква

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki