Gokoku-ji (護国寺) is a Shingon Buddhist temple in Tokyo's Bunkyō.
This Buddhist temple was established by the mother of the Shogun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi.
- 1680 (Enpō 8): Gokoku-ji is founded in Edo.
In 1873, Emperor Meiji declared Gokoku-ji the Imperial mausoleum and several of his children are buried there, as well as Emperor Meiji himself. It remains the Imperial mausoleum today.
Gokoku-ji is also famous as the central temple that oversees the practice of Japanese tea ceremony in all the country's temples.
Famous People Buried
- Sanjō Sanetomi (1837–1891), the last Daijō Daijin.
- Akiyoshi Yamada (1844–1892), a Minister of Justice and Lieutenant General in the Imperial Japanese Army, and the founder of Nihon Law School (current Nihon University) and Kokugakuin (current Kokugakuin University).
- Josiah Conder (1852–1920), a British architect and oyatoi gaikokujin.
- Ōkuma Shigenobu (1838–1922), the 8th (1898) and 17th (1914–1916) Prime Minister of Japan.
- Yamagata Aritomo (1838–1922), Field Marshal in the Imperial Japanese Army and the 3rd (1889–1891) and 9th (1898–1900) Prime Minister of Japan.
- Okura Kihachiro (1837–1928), an entrepreneur.
- Dan Takuma (1858–1932), a former Director-General of Mitsui (Mitsui Group).
- Seiji Noma (1878–1938), the founder of Kodansha.
- Takashi Masuda (1848–1938), the founder of Mitsui & Co. (Mitsui Bussan) and Chugai-Bukka-Sinpo (current Nihon Keizai Shimbun), and also known as a tea master.
- Shigeaki Ikeda (1867–1950), a politician and former governor of the Bank of Japan.
- Tempu Nakamura (1876–1968), a martial artist and preacher of yoga to Japan.
- Masutatsu Ōyama (1923–1994), a karate master and the founder of Kyokushin kaikan.
- Ikuma Dan (1924–2001), a composer. A grandson of Dan Takuma.
- For an explanation of terms concerning Japanese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhist art, and Japanese Buddhist temple architecture, see the Glossary of Japanese Buddhism.
- ↑ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 414.
Coordinates: 35°43′18″N 139°43′32″E / 35.72167°N 139.72556°E