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|Period in office|
|Date of birth||1356|
|Place of birth||Florence|
|Date of death||July 10, 1420 (aged 64)|
|Place of death||Buda|
He entered the Dominican Order at Santa Maria Novella in 1372 after having been cured, through the intercession of St. Catherine of Siena, of an impediment of speech for which he had been refused admission to the order two years before. On his return from Paris, where he completed his theological studies, he was professor and preacher for twelve years at Venice.
With the sanction of the master general, Raymond of Capua, he established convents of strict observance of his order at Venice (1394) and Fiesole (1406), and founded the convent of Corpus Domini at Venice for the Dominican Nuns of the Strict Observance. He was sent as envoy of Venice to the conclave of 1406 in which Pope Gregory XII was elected; the following year the pope, whose confessor and counsellor he was, appointed him Archbishop of Ragusa, created him cardinal in 1408 and sent him as ambassador to Hungary, to secure the adhesion of Sigismund to the pope.
At the Council of Constance Dominici read the voluntary resignation which Gregory XII had adopted, on his advice, as the surest means of ending the schism. Pope Martin V appointed him papal legate to Bohemia on 19 July 1418, but he accomplished little with the followers of John Hus, owing to the supineness of Wenceslaus IV. He was beatified by Pope Gregory XVI in 1832 and his feast is observed on 10 June.
Dominici was not only a prolific writer on spiritual subjects but also a graceful poet, as his many vernacular hymns, or Laudi, show. His Regola del governo di cura familiare, written between 1400 and 1405, is a pedagogical work (edited by Salvi, Florence, 1860) which treats, in four books, of the faculties of the soul, the powers and senses of the body, the uses of earthly goods, and the education of children. This last book has been translated into German by Rosler (Herder's Bibliothek der katholischen Pädagogik, VII, Freiburg, 1894).
His Lucula Noctis (R. Coulon, O.P., Latin text of the fifteenth century with an introduction, Paris, 1908) in reply to a letter of Nicola di Piero Salutati, is the most important treatise of that day on the study of the pagan authors. Dominici did not completely condemn classical studies. He did however express very strong criticism of some humanist tendencies, such as the use of rhetoric in politics and the rise of the professional politician.
- ↑ Catholic Encyclopedia.
- Catholic Encyclopedia article on Giovanni Dominici
- "Political Views in the Preaching of Giovanni Dominici in Renaissance Florence, 1400-1406" by Nirit Ben-Aryeh Debby, Renaissance Quarterly, Vol. 55, Number 1
- Encyclopedia Britannica article on Fra Angelico
- This article incorporates text from the Catholic Encyclopedia of 1913, a publication now in the public domain.