Geshur (Hebrew: גְּשׁוּר, lit. Bridging) is an Israeli settlement, kibbutz, on the ridge of the southern Golan Heights.
Modern day kibbutz Geshur
Founded in 1971 by Mapam's Hashomer Hatzair socialist-Zionist youth movement, it is a member of the Kibbutz Movement and falls under the jurisdiction of Golan Regional Council. Geshur has a population of about 150 residents, of whom 35 are children.
The first Golan Heights vineyards were planted in Geshur and Yonatan by 1976.
Geshur at the time of King David
According to the Bible, during the time of King David, the second King of Israel, Geshur was an independent kingdom (Joshua 13:13), and David even when he was just the King of the Kingdom of Judah married Maachah, a daughter of Talmai, King of Geshur. (2 Samuel 3:3, 1 Chronicles 3:2) Her son Absalom fled to his mother's native country, after the murder of his half-brother and David's eldest son, Amnon. Absalom stayed there for three years before being rehabilitated by David. (ib. 13:37, 15:8) Geshur was situated in the Golan, was close to and allied with the Kingdom of Israel but not to the Arameans, and managed to maintain its independence from the Aramean kingdoms until after the time of King Solomon, the third King of Israel.
- Duel for the Golan: the 100-hour battle that saved Israel, Jerry Asher, Eric M. Hammel, W. Morrow, 1987, ISBN 0688069118
- Zohar, Mattanyahu, "The Land of Geshur Project: Regional Archaeology of the Southern Golan (1987-1988 season)," Israel Exploration Journal, Volume 39, Israel Exploration Society, 1989
- ↑ Who's left in Israel?: radical political alternatives for the future of Israel, p. 106, Dan Leon, Sussex Academic Press, 2004, ISBN 1903900565, 9781903900567, accessed December 20, 2009
- ↑ Geography and politics in Israel since 1967, p. 119, Elisha Efrat, Routledge, 1988, ISBN 0714633038, 9780714633039, accessed December 20, 2009
- ↑ Ashkenazi, Eli, "On the Golan Heights, people say that all this talk about talks is 'just talk'", Haaretz, May 22, 2008, accessed December 20, 2009
- ↑ Ben Joseph, Michael, "Golan Heights wines are fuel for the soul," Jerusalem Post, October 25, 2001, accessed December 20, 2009
- ↑ The history of ancient Palestine, pp. 397-400, Gösta Werner Ahlström, Fortress Press, 1993, ISBN 0800627709, 9780800627706, accessed December 20, 2009
- ↑ Ancient Damascus: a historical study of the Syrian city-state from earliest times until its fall to the Assyrians in 732 B.C.E., pp. 88-89, Wayne Thomas Pitard, Eisenbrauns, 1987, ISBN 0931464293, accessed December 20, 2009