|Gerald Emmett Carter|
|Cardinal Archbishop of Toronto|
|Enthroned||April 29, 1978|
|Reign ended||March 17, 1990|
|Predecessor||Philip Francis Pocock|
|Ordination||May 22, 1937|
|Created Cardinal||June 30, 1979|
|Other||Bishop of London|
March 1, 1912|
April 6, 2003 (aged 91)|
|Buried||Holy Cross Cemetery|
Gerald Emmett Carter, CC (March 1, 1912—April 6, 2003) was a Canadian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Toronto from 1978 to 1990, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1979.
|Styles of |
Gerald Cardinal Carter
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Youth and ordination
The youngest of eight children, Gerald Carter was born in Montreal, Quebec, to an Irish Catholic family. His father was a typesetter for The Montreal Star, his brother, Alexander, would become Bishop of Sault-Sainte-Marie, and two of his sisters would become nuns.
Carter attended the Collège de Montréal before studying at the Grand Seminary and the Université de Montréal, where he obtained his Licentiate in Theology in 1936. He was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Alphonse-Emmanuel Deschamps on May 22, 1937.
During his tenure as chaplain to the Catholic students at McGill University from 1942 to 1956, he was also named director of the English section of Catholic Action (1944) and president of the Thomas More Institute for Adult Education (1946), and earned his doctorate in theology (1947).
Archbishop of Toronto
In 1982 he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. The library at King's University College at the University of Western Ontario in London is named after him, as are Cardinal Carter Catholic High School in Aurora, Ontario and Cardinal Carter Catholic Secondary School in Leamington, Ontario.
An important figure in Montreal’s education system, founding St. Joseph’s Teachers College for English-speaking Catholics, Cardinal Carter was a member of the Montreal Catholic School Commission for 15 years, and active at McGill University’s Newman Club and the St. Thomas More Institute.
In Toronto, Cardinal Carter was responsible for expanding the Archdiocese’s pastoral programs, Catholic education and social services as well as implementing the reforms of Vatican II. He was involved with the opening of Covenant House for street youth and worked with the Province of Ontario to provide affordable housing to the elderly and disabled.
Gang of Five
Bishops Philip Pocock, George Flahiff, Joseph Aurele Plourde and the Carter brothers (Alexander and Emmett) became close friends who dubbed themselves and became known as the “The Gang of Five.” The five wielded a significant influence upon their fellow bishops and hence upon the face of Roman Catholicism in Canada. 
- "Gerald Emmett Cardinal Carter". Catholic-Hierarchy. http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bcarterg.html. Retrieved April 25 2009.
|Catholic Church titles|
John Christopher Cody
|Bishop of London|
| Succeeded by|
John Michael Sherlock
Philip Francis Pocock
|Archbishop of Toronto|
| Succeeded by|
Aloysius Cardinal Ambrozic