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Geltungsjude

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Geltungsjude was the nonofficial term for persons that were considered Jews by the first supplementary decree to the Nuremberg Laws from November 14, 1935. The term wasn't used officially, but was coined because the persons were considered (gelten in German) Jews rather than exactly belonging to any of the categories of the previous Nuremberg Laws.

Definition

The definition of these persons in the decree is as follows:

ARTICLE 5 (2) A Jew is also an individual [jüdischer Mischling] who is descended from two full-Jewish grandparents if:
(a) he was a member of the Jewish religious community when this law was issued, or joined the community later;
(b) when the law was issued, he was married to a person who was a Jew, or was subsequently married to a Jew;
(c) he is the issue from a marriage with a Jew, in the sense of Section I, which was contracted after the coming into effect of the Law for the Protection of German Blood and Honor of September 15, 1935;
(d) he is the issue of an extramarital relationship with a Jew, in the sense of Section I, and was born out of wedlock after July 31, 1936.[1]

Each of these persons is considered a Jew, hence the name Geltungsjude. The term jüdischer Mischling in the first sentence means Jewish half-breed.

Consequences

Geltungsjuden weren't citizens of the Reich anymore and didn't have the right to vote. They were also prohibited to marry a quarter Jew. If they weren't married to a Full Jew, they weren't included in deportation.

See also

References

  1. http://www.mtsu.edu/~baustin/nurmlaw2.html

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