In Norse mythology, a fylgja (Old Norse, literally "someone that accompanies," plural fylgjur) is a supernatural being or creature which accompanies a person in connection to their fate or fortune. Fylgjur usually appear in the form of an animal and commonly appears during sleep, but the sagas relate that they could appear while a person is awake as well, and that seeing one's fylgja is an omen of one's impending death. However, when fylgjur appear in the form of women, they are then supposedly guardian spirits for people or clans (ätter).
Both Andy Orchard and Rudolf Simek note parallels between the concept of the hamingja—a personification of a family or individual's fortune—and the fylgja.
- Kellog, Robert (Introduction). Smiley, Jane (Introduction). Various (2001). The Sagas of Icelanders. Penguin Group. ISBN 0 14 10.0003 1
- Orchard, Andy (1997). Dictionary of Norse Myth and Legend. Cassell. ISBN 0 304 34520 2
- Simek, Rudolf (2007) translated by Angela Hall. Dictionary of Northern Mythology. D.S. Brewer. ISBN 0859915131
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