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Franz Retz

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Franz Retz (sometimes Francis Retz) (13 September 1673, Prague - 19 November 1750, Rome) was an Czech Jesuit, elected fifteenth Superior General of the Society of Jesus, which he governed from 7 March 1730 to 19 November 1750.


In 1689, after joining the Jesuits at the young age of 16 and completing his noviciate, he followed the usual course of studies in philosophy (1692-94) and theology (1700-03) at Olomouc. He obtained the doctorate in philosophy from Olomouc in 1703 and theology in Prague in 1709 and appeared destined to teach the same subjects.

In Rome

He had hardly begun to do so when he was called to Rome (1711) to fill certain administrative post. Provincial of Bohemia (today's Czech Republic) (1718-20) and Rector of the large High School of Prague (1720-23) he was called to Rome in 1725 by the then Superior General Michelangelo Tamburini as his Assistant for the Central European affairs. At the death of Tamburini (1730) Retz, as Vicar General of the Society, called the General Congregation.

Superior General

The sixteenth General Congregation elected him Superior General. The vote was nearly unanimous (68 of 70). His able administration contributed much to the welfare of the Society; he obtained the canonization of St. John Francis Regis (1738) and used the example of the saint to promote missionnary work in the rural areas.

Father Retz's generalate was perhaps the quietest in the history of the order. There were difficulties in Poland but the oversee missions developed as never before. The Society kept growing steadily. At the time of his death, it was made of thirty-nine provinces, twenty-four houses of professed fathers, 669 colleges, sixty-one novitiates, 335 residences, 273 mission stations, 176 seminaries, and 22,589 members of whom 11,293 were priests.

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Preceded by
Michelangelo Tamburini
Superior General of the Society of Jesus
Succeeded by
Ignatius Viscanti
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Franz Retz. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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