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|Blessed Francisco Palau y Quer|
|Blessed Francisco Palau, O.C.D.|
|Born||December 29, 1811, Aitona, Lleida, Spain|
|Died||20 March 1872, Tarragona, Spain|
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||April 24, 1988, St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican CityTemplate:Country data Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
|Attributes||He wears a brown priest tunic and a cream robe. Brown is the color attributed to the Carmelites.|
Blessed Francis Palau y Quer is a beatified Discalced Carmelite Spanish priest. He founded "The School of the Virtue" -- which was a model of catechetical teaching for aduld persons -- at Barcelona. In 1860-61, he also founded a mixted Congregation of Third Order of Discalced Carmelites, both Brothers and Sisters, in Balearic Islands. He preached popular missions and spread veneration of Our Lady wherever he went. Francisco Palau's life got unified when he understood the beauty of the Church. What had been a confusing oscillation from solitude to service and back to solitude again made sense for him when he recognised that the real Church is the congregation of humans in the whole Christ. God and neighbours together, is his Beloved.
He was born in December 29, 1811 in Aytona, Lerida, Spain. He was 7th of the nine children of Joseph Palau and Mary Antonia Quer. He was baptized on the same day according to the family tradition and the custom in the country. The year he was born was a year of hunger and life became harder because of the French invasion has reached the village of Aytona. They were a humble family who worked in the farm. After a day's labor, they used to gather together to pray the rosary.
They were actively involved in the parish life. His father and all of his siblings, including himself, were members of the choir and fervent in the reception of the sacraments.
He studied at the town school and through the help of his sister Rosa, he pursued higher education.
At 14, he decided to become a priest. He frecuented the seminary classes first, as a day pupil.
At Lerida, he finally entered the diocesan seminary on October 1828. For four years, he was granted a "Porcionista" scholarship which means he was a full scholar with free board and lodging.
He entered Barcelona Carmel on October 23, 1832 as a novice.
On November 14, 1832, he was given his habit and took the religious name "Fr. Francisco of Jesus, Mary, and Joseph". Francisco professed solemnly on November 15, 1833-- it was a time when religious persecution was beginning in Spain. He was aware of the situation but courageous, and he never retracted his option. He continued his studies of theology in the Convent of San Jose in Barcelona.
On July 25, 1835, Barcelona succumbed to vandalic burning of convents and monasteries. The San Jose Convent was one of those burned down. Looking after others, he helped the ancient friars to get safely out of fire.
Apostle and founder
He continued his life of asceticism in his hometown where he alternated the solitude and apostolic activities, living in the cave situated 2 km from the village. He was ordained priest in Barbastro, Spain on April 2, 1836.
On July 21, 1840, he crossed the Pyrenees mountains to live in exile in France for eleven years up to April 1851. There he continued to live his solitary life in the castle of Montdesir, Livron, and then in Cantayrac. During his last years of staying there, his form of living, shocking for many people, called attention of the civil and ecclesiastical authorities. To defend himself, he wrote: La Vida Solitaria (The Solitary Life) and El solitario de Cantayrac (The loner).
He returned to Spain on April 13, 1851. He became the spiritual director of the local seminarists in Barcelona. At the same time he organized the School of Virtue in the Parish Church of San Agustin with its weekly Sunday school for adults, (1851-1854), based in the virtues from the Catecismo de las Virtudes (Catechism of Virtues) and with a programm of 52 propositions on the current ideological movements. The liberalists at power protested against the school. As a consecuence, it was suppressed and Fr. Palau confined in Ibiza for six years (1854-1860).
He remained banished during 6 years. He found an islet, a towering rock, El Vedra, near Ibiza and needed for solitude he used to retire and pray there seeking the God´s will. He established an hermitage in Es Cubells where he enthroned the image of Our Lady of the Virtues, establishing the first marian santuary in the island and promoting the devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary among the islanders.
In 1860-1861, he reorganized the hermits of San Honorato de Randa in Mallorca and initiated the foundation of one Carmelite family - the Congregation - Third Order of Discalced Carmelites of the Congregation of Spain.
He started to write Mis Relaciones Con la Iglesia (My Relations With the Church), a sort of autobiographical journal, partly written in the idyllic solitude of El Vedra, transmitting his experience of the Church conceived as Gos and neighbors.
He was authorized and nominated Founder and Director of Carmelite Tertiaries of Spain in 1867. In 1868, he initiated in Barcelona the weekly publication of El Ermitano (The Hermit). He got to assist the sick and he practiced exorcism. He even got to create a project of a religious order exclusively in orden to exorcise.
While fully immersed in his apostolic and foundational work,he got infected as he helped the sick at Calasanz, reaching Tarragona, Spain on March 10, 1872, he died on March 20, 1872 at 60 years of age assisted by the Sisters.
After the Spanish Civil War that ended in 1939, little brothers who survived were incorporated to the Teresian Carmel. The sisters are now flourishing in two congregations: Teresian Carmelite Missionaries and Carmelite Missionaries.
Prayer through the Intercession of Blessed Francisco Palau
Lord God, you chose Blessed Francisco Palau to proclaim to the whole world the mystery of the Church. He spent his life in spreading the Gospel among his brothers and sisters and in fostering among them a vivid awareness of their membership in the mystical body of Christ.
Grant Oh Lord, that the honor which your church confers on him may help to make all men and women one in God's people and through his intercession give us the special grace which we now ask. Amen.
- Discalced Carmelites
- Carmelite Rule of St. Albert
- Book of the First Monks
- Constitutions of the Carmelite Order