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The Four Holy Marshals (Vier Marschälle Gottes or just Vier Marschälle) were four saints venerated in the Rhineland, especially at Cologne, Liège, Aachen, and Eifel. They were conceived as standing particularly close to throne of God, and thus powerful intercessors. Their joint veneration is comparable to that of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, who were also venerated in the Rhineland.
Evidence of their cult is testified by documentation dating from 1478; however, the joint cult of these four saints may have existed earlier. The cult reached its high point in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and diminished by the seventeenth. There were churches dedicated to them at Hüngersdorf, Schleiden, and in the Mariwald.
The Four Holy Marshals
The four saints are:
|Name (Alternate)||Feast day||Patronage|
|Quirinus of Neuss (Quirin)||March 30, April 30||Against smallpox and goiter|
|Template:Sort(Hubert)||November 3||Against rabies and dog bites|
|Template:Sort||September 16||Against cramps and epilepsy|
|Saint Anthony the Great(Antonius, Antony)||January 17||invoked against the plague|
In terms of protection over animals, Anthony was the patron of pigs, Cornelius cattle, Hubertus dogs, and Quirinus horses. In addition, each saint had its own particular place of special veneration: Anthony was venerated at Cologne, Hubertus at St-Hubert in the Ardennes, Cornelius at Aachen, and Quirinus at Neuss.
- (German) Vier heilige Marschälle
- (German) Das war Papst Cornelius
- (German) Einer der vier hl. Marschälle
- (German) Der Heilige mit dem Horn/Beschützer des Hornviehs
- (German) Helfer bei der Kornelkrankheit
- (German) Verehrung und Bräuche
- (German) Der Raub der vier heiligen Marschälleid:Empat Pemimpin Suci