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Fatima al-Masumeh Shrine

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Fātimah al-Ma'sūmah Shrine
Honor Maasoome-Ghom-Iran.JPG

Shrine of Fātimah al-Ma‘sūmah, sister of ‘Alī al-Riđā

Basic information
Location Iran Qom, Iran
Geographic coordinates 34°38′30″N 50°52′44″E / 34.6417°N 50.8790°E / 34.6417; 50.8790Coordinates: 34°38′30″N 50°52′44″E / 34.6417°N 50.8790°E / 34.6417; 50.8790
Affiliation Shia Islam
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Iranian
Specifications
Dome(s) 3
Minaret(s) 6

The shrine of Fātimah al-Ma'sūmah (sister of Imām ˤAlī ibn-Mūsā Riđā) is located in Qom, the second most sacred city in Iran after Mashhad. Much of the shrine complex was first built by Shah Abbas I in the early 17th century. The shrine has attracted to itself dozens of seminaries and religious schools. The shrine is also depicted on the reverse of the Iranian 50 rials coin, issued since 2004.[1]

Also buried within the shrine are three daughters of ninth, Twelver Shī‘ah Imām, Muhammad at-Taqī[2].

Specifications

The mosque consists of a burial chamber, three courtyards and three large prayer halls, totalling an area of 38,000 m2 (410,000 sq ft).[3] The three prayer halls are named: Tabātabā'ī, Bālā Sar, and A‘dham.[3]

Early History

After dying from an illness while en route to visiting her brother, Fātimah al-Ma'sūmah was buried in Qum in 816.[4] The cemetery she was buried in was made open to the public by Musa ibn Kharaj, the dignitary of Qom at the time.[4] The site became a popular place for pilgrimage during the 9th and 10th centuries, and continued as such during the Timurid and Ak Koyunlu periods.[4]

Qom, along with the shrine were raided in 1221 by the Mongols and again by the Tamerlane.[2] In 1519 the dome of the shrine was rebuilt and the courtyard was embellished in honour of the Safavid king, Shah Ismail I.[4] This task was carried out by his daughter Shah Bigum.[5] In 1523 his wife Tajlu Khanum donated her own adjacent property, adding it mortmain as an expansion to the shrine.[4] Thereafter, Shāh Tahmāsp I completed the burial chamber, and did work on the courtyard to the south of the grave.[3] Further expansions were done to the shrine during the 17th century by Shah ‘Abbās I, along with the addition of schooling and other facilities.[5]

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