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|Part of a series on the|
|Pope – Pope Benedict XVI|
|College of Cardinals|
|Episcopal polity · Latin Rite|
|Eastern Catholic Churches|
|History · Christianity|
|Catholicism · Apostolic Succession|
|Four Marks of the Church|
|Crucifixion & Resurrection of Jesus|
|Ascension · Assumption of Mary|
|Criticism of the Catholic Church|
|Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit)|
|Theology · Apologetics|
|Divine Grace · Sacraments|
|Purgatory · Salvation|
|Original sin · Saints · Dogma|
|Virgin Mary · Mariology|
|Immaculate Conception of Mary|
|Liturgy and Worship|
|Roman Catholic Liturgy|
|Eucharist · Liturgy of the Hours|
|Liturgical Year · Biblical Canon|
|Roman · Armenian · Alexandrian|
|Byzantine · Antiochian · East Syrian|
|Ecumenism · Monasticism|
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also known as
The Eucharist, also known as communion or the Lord's Supper, is a Christianity ritual to commemorate the crucifixion, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is performed with bread or other grain product and occasionally with wine.
The Eucharist, also called Holy Communion or The Lord's Supper and other names, is a Christian sacrament, generally considered to be a commemoration of the Last Supper, the final meal that Jesus Christ shared with his disciples before his arrest and eventual crucifixion. The consecration of bread and a cup within the rite recalls the moment at the Last Supper when Jesus gave his disciples bread, saying, "This is my body", and wine, saying, "This is my blood.".
There are different interpretations of the significance of the Eucharist, but "there is more of a consensus among Christians about the meaning of the Eucharist than would appear from the confessional debates over the sacramental presence, the effects of the Eucharist, and the proper auspices under which it may be celebrated."
The phrase "the Eucharist" may refer not only to the rite but also to the bread and wine (or, in some Protestant denominations morally opposed to the consumption of alcohol, unfermented grape juice) used in the rite, and, in this sense, communicants may speak of "receiving the Eucharist", as well as "celebrating the Eucharist".