Ervadi or Erwadi (Tamil: ஏர்வாடி) is a village where the grave and shrine of Qutbus sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed Badusha Radiyallh Ta'ala anhu, the then ruler of Madinah Al Munawwara is found. Erwadi is in Ramanathapuram district belonging to Kadaladi Taluk and Keelakarai Town panchayat. It also belongs to Kadaladi Assembly constituency which is a part of Ramanathapuram (Lok Sabha constituency). But after the delimitations in 2009, Ervadi has been joint to Ramanathapuram assembly constituency. Though being a small town, Ervadi is the second largest contibutor for the revenue of Ramanthapuram District.
|Erwadi Dargah Shariff|
in Tamil Nadu and India</center>
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Erwadi is a town located in the Kadaladi taluk of Ramanathapuram District in southern tamilnadu. It is located on the sea shore in between keelakarai and Valinokkam. The town is famous only because of the shrine of Hazrat Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed badusha radiyallah ta'ala anhu.
Ervadi gaining importance in Tamilnadu
Al Qutbul Hamid wal Gausul Majid Badhusha Hazrat Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed Radiyalla Ta'ala anhu is a 18th generation hereditary grandson of Prophet Muhammad. He was the king of Madinah while he started towards in India in early 12th century to spread Islam according to the Prophet's wish. With millions of supporters from all over the world. Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shahid first came to the sind province in Pakistan spread islam there through various means and returned back to Madinah. Again obliging Rasulullah's order, Shaheed badusha started from Madinah with his entire family leaving the throne. He came across various difficulties while travelling in the sea and in the forests towards India without proper food and shelter or some nice water to drink and finally entered Kannanur in Kerala. His ultimate aim was to spread islam as per the order of his hereditary grandfather Hazrat Muhammad. He travelled via, Kayalpattinam, Vaippar, Madurai and finally entered Bouthiramanickapattinam, now called as Ervadi.
Hazrat Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed, offered the islamic teachings to the Pandiya ruler Thiru Pandiyan in Madurai who refused to accept and waged a war. Finally the troops of Hazrat Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed won and Sultan Iskandar (Sikandar) Badusha was throned in madurai. Then the troops of Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed went ahead towards Bouthramanickapattinam. Shahidh badusha offered Islam to the king Vikkirama Pandiyan who very strictly refused and asked to leave the kingdom. Shaheed refused to leave without turning them muslims. Vickrama pandiyan started war. A very vigorous war which took about 10 sessions each of around 3–4 days held. All of the family members of Shaheed Badhusah including his only lovable son Syed Abutahir, Brother Syed Ismail, Brother in Law Zainul Aabideen and many of the martyrs and ministers of Shaheedh badhusha like Amir Abbas of Rome, Abdul Qadir Mujahid, Muhaiyaddeen, Aboobakkar Abdul Hakkim, Abdullah, Shamsuddin of Makkah, Qamaruddin, Nooruddeen, Muhammadh Yusuf, Jafar Sadiq, Rome Syed Ahmad, Zulfaqar Ali @ Chanthana Peer of Turkey, Abdul Qadir Gilani, Abdul Qadir Samadaani, Pathan Sahib, Hamza basheer, Uvaisul Hasan Ridwanullahi Ta'ala alaihim ajmaeen and few more thousands were killed. Finally, king Vickrama pandiyan was killed and Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed Badusha won the war and captured the throne of Bouthiramanickapatttinam.
He ruled the province for 12 years and spread islam all over south tamilnadu. He too wished to be a martyr and told about that to Rasulullah who promised it.
Later King Tiru pandiyan, came from madurai with a larger troop and assassinated Shaheed badusha to re capture the thrown after 12 years. Then again badusha Syed Is'haq (Shaheed badhusha's brother Syed Ismail badusha's son) killed king Thiru pandiyan and captured thrown. Now the rivalry between the Arabs and pandiyas came to and end when both signed a pact, stating Arabs (Descendants of Shaheed Badusha) to rule the Bouthiramanikka pattinam (Ervadi) Province and the pandiyas to rule Ramanathapuram province. This was under implementation till the 17th century before English East India Company started occupying India. Hazrat Syed Is'haq, Syed Ibrahim, Syed Baqir, Syed Qasim, Syed Tahir Ridwanullahi Ta'ala alaihim ajmaeen and other descendants of Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed have ruled the Bouthiramanikkapattinam province and Regunatha Sethupathy, Kilavan (Kizhavan) Sethupathy, Vijaya Regunatha Sethupathy, Muthu Regunatha Sethupathi, Muthuramalinga Sethupathy, Bhaskara Sedupathy, Kumaran Sethupathi and other Descendants of Sethupathi have ruled the Ramanathapuram province.
Shuhadaas and Waliyatullahs in Erwadi
The divine Graves of Emperor Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed badusha along with His kith and kin is found in the Main dargah campus. Also the Holy Graves of other important Shuhadaas and in laws of Badusha Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed is found inside the premises. A ver big mosque which can accommodate 10,0000 pilgrims for every prayer is also found inside the Main dargha campus . The single mammoth minaret which is around 250 foot adds to the glory of Erwadi. It can be viewed from any of the shores in Ramanathapuram District and this acts as a virtual Lighthouse to the Fishermen in Ervadi and adjacent villages.
Shuhadaas in Main Dargah
The main shrine (Dargah) in Erwadi is the holiest place in Tamilnadu because it is mixed with the soil of madinah. Qutb Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed and most of his family members, close relatives and other shuhadaas' grave is found in the main dragha. The big hall of the Shrine of Hazrat Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shahid was constructed by Eiatibar khan, during the time of The Nawab of Arcot. The main Dargah has three entrances. It is fully opened except for the dargahs. Thousands of pilgrims stay here in the mixture of madinah's soil which is supposed to cure all kind of fatal diseases with the blessings of Shahid Badusha.
Qutb Syed Abutahir Madani Shaheed
Qutb syed Aboothahir madhani Shaheed Radiyallhu Ta'ala anhu was the elder son of Qutb Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed badhusha and Seyyida Zainab @ Syed Ali Fathima Radiyallah ta'ala anha. Qutb Syed Abutahir was born in Madinah al Munawwara while his father Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed was the emperor of Madinah. Syed Abuthahir Shaheed spent his childhood days in Madinah for the cause of education. Syed Abootahir Shaheed felt very ecstatic and proud to be brought up in the soil of Madinah, the home of Prophet Muhammad, their ancestral forefather. When Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed quit the Empire of Madinah to spread Islam in the South Asian countries like India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, he took his family amidst stringent hardships. Qutb Syed Abootahir was around 16 years old during this travel. Qutb Syed Abootahir madhani Shaheed spent his entire life for the sake of spreading Islam. He participated in the rigorous war with the pandiya kings of Bouthiramanickapattinam in the age of 18, like his forefathers Imam Ali Akbar and Imam Qasim ibn Hasan raziyallah Ta'ala anhumaa did in the battle of Karbala. Hazrath Qutb Syed Abutahir presided a wing in the war without any hesitation. In the war many ministers of King Vickram Pandiyan and finally the only prince of Pandiya Kingdom, Indra Pandiyan was killed by Hazrat Syed Aootahir shaheed, because of which the war was stopped for a while. King Vikrama Pandiyan, after discussing with magicians again started the war, in which Qutb Syed Abutahir Raziyallah Ta'ala anhu was martyred in the age of 18. As Allah says in Quran "Think not of those who are slain in Allah's way as dead. Nay, they live, finding their sustenance in the presence of their Lord; Al-Qur'aan 3:169". Hazrat Syed Abootahir Shaheed is alive blessings thousands of pilgrims daily. As Khlaifa Haroon Rasheed Levvai a Huqdhar (Share Holder) says in his Tamil poetry, Um vaasal munnaley mannum marundhu aagudhayya..!!!, which means (Even) soil (of Madinah) turns a medicine in your campus, lakhs of people who come to seek refuge from magical maladies and other incurable illness find their remedy from the soil of erwadi dargah.
Seyyida Fatimatul Barqa Amma
Fathima Al Barqa, was born in Madinah and spent her life there. She was married to King Syed Ahamad Raziyallah Ta'ala anhu the then emperor of madinah. She was very much God fearing. King Syed Ahmad Raziyallah ta'ala anhu and Syeida Fathima Barqa raziyallah ta'ala anha had two sons Hazrat Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed, Hazrat Syed Ismail Shaheed and a daughter Seyyida Rabi'aa Raziyallah ta'ala anha. When Prophet ordered her son Hazrat Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Raziyallah to travel to India to spread Islam, Bibi Seyyida Fathinathul Baqa also showed her keen interest to leave the country for the sake of Islam. She also advised all her children, grand children and other muslim women to start their journey for the sake of Islam. She was the head of the troop of Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shahid badusha. Fatimatul Barqa Amma consoled and gave the words of courage whenever her son Hazrat Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shahid badusha feels disgusted. She encouraged in spreading of Islam and bringing people to Islam and taking part in Jihad for the sake of Islam. Her entire life was spent for the sake of Islam leaving the throne of madinah Al munawwara and travelling to India with a plethora of difficulties.
Seyyida Rabi'aa Amma
Seyyidha Rabiaa radiyallah tala anha is the sister of Qutb Sulthan Syed Ibraheem shahid and daughter of hazrat badhusha Syed Ahmad Radiyallah ta'ala anhu who came along with Him all the way from Madinah. Raabiyaa amma was pregnant while Her brother Sulthan Syed Ebraaheem started to India leaving the throne of Madinah. So, all the members of the family advices Rabiya amma not to start to Madinah. But Hazrat Seyyida Raabi'aa strictly refused to stay in Madhinaa and started along with Her Holy brother Hazrat Sultan Syed Ebrahim shaheed, with her new born infant. So, Rabiaa amma is also called as Jachchca Bibi Amma by Urdu speaking people. The dharga of Raabi'ya Amma is located at the extreme eastern end of Ervadi main dhargha campus. People entering Dhurgha campus from the eastern entrance can find the Durgha of Rabiya amma nearby. Its one the oldest Dhurga in Ervadi shariff. Gents are not allowed inside the dhargah and Females are allowed to stay. people affected from mental and magical illness throng the dargah in large numbers and find them cured mostly within 40 nights.
Seyyida Zainab @ Syed Ali Fathima Amma
Seyyida Zainab Raziyallah ta'ala anhaa is the wife of Qutb Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed, and the Holy mother of Qutb Syed Aboothaahir madni shaheed radiyallah ta'ala anhu. Shaheed badhusha married Seyyida Zainab (Syed Ali Fathima) since she was from a very glorious and God fearing family in Madinah. right from the childhood days Seyyida Zainab was very much God fearing, she was ready to sacrifice anything for the sake of Allah. She gave birth to two children Badhusha Syed Aboothahir and Hazrat Seyyidina Zainul Aabideen Radiyallah ta'ala anhuma with the marriage of badusha naayagam. She brought up Her children in the same way of love towards Islam as their parents and forefathers were. When Qutb Syed Ebraahim shaheed started for India, the two children were just becoming youth, but still their Taqwa thought by their Holy mother SSeyyida Zainab @ Syed Ali Fatima made them to support. Zainab Syed Ali Fathima also insisted their child the importance of supporting their Holy father in spreading Islam. So, Zainab Syed Ali Fathima Amma's children also travelled with enthusiasam and reached India.In the war with pandiyas, Syed Aboothahir Shaheed was martyred, and when the Holy body of Qutb Aboothahir madhni was brought before Seyyida Zainab, she was shocked to see more than 72 cuts of arrows in the face of His son who is just 17 years old for no sake but for the sake of Allah. Since Her son lost His life in this world and the atrocities which He faced was only for the sake of Allah, Zainab raliyallah taala anhaa was very much patient as Her Grand mother Zaynab bint Ali was patient looking at the atrocities of Karbala. This is the best ever Amal. 17 years old Son being killed by enemies before the eyes of a mother for no sake but Islam, this is the most likely deeed towards Allah. But still, when pandiyas were defeated and Badhusha nayagam Hazrat Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed raziyallah ta'ala anhu captured teh throne, Zainab Syed 'Ali fathima amma was given the throne as Empress. Nothing to live in this world after the Shahadat of Qutb Abutahir, Zainab Syed A'li fatima amma refused to accept the throne, but still was made to do so accepting it as the fate of Allah. Zainab Syed Alee fathimaa amma was teh empress of Bouthiramanickapattinam province for more than 12 years. She attained wafat and was funered very close to the grave of her husband Hazrat Sulthaan Syed Ibraaheem Shahidh Rali.. Zainab Syed 'Alee faathimaa ammaas Dhurgha can be found as the second from the western entrance of Erwadi amin dargha. Thousands of pilgrims daily and lakhs during festival time visit the Holy grave of Zainab Syed A'lee fathimah radiyallah tala anhaa for all their wishes coming true with holy waseela. Unmarried girls, Childless women and ladies with fatal illness who are brought to the Holy Grave of Zainab Syed Ali fatimah amma and found to get their wishes answered in a very short time.
Hazrat Syed Zainul Aabideen Shaheed
Hazrat Syed Zainul aabideen Shahid is the brother in law of Hazrat Qutb Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed, the emperor. Zainul Aabideen shaheed was a stubborn supporter of Hazrat Qutb Sultan Syed Ibraheem Shahid during his voyage and his war with pandiyas. He is the brother of Seyyida Zainab @ Syed Ali Fatima Raliyallah ta'ala anhaa and uncle of the Prince hazrat Qutb Syed Abutahir madani Shahid Radiyallah ta'la anhu. Bbadhusha Naayagam was very much comfortable during the war because of the presence of His brother in law Hazrat Zainul Aabideen Shaheedh who withstanding the oppose from the enemies used different war tactics and gave useful suggestions regarding the war plan that fortified Shaheed badusha after the passing away of his holy son Syed Aboothair Shaheedh. The relationship between Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shaheedh and Hazrat Zainul Aabidheen Shaheed was very much closely bonded. people who knew the history of Erwadi war will give the example of Shaheed badusha and Zainul Aabidheen shaheedh if two brothers in law are closely associated. Hazrat Zainul Aabidheen was also killed in the war finally and attained martyrdom which was the final desire of everyone who travelled with Badusha nayagam. He was funered very closely to Janaab Shaheedh, and his Holy grave is found to the right of the Holy Grave of Shaheedh Badusha Nayagam in Erwadi Dargha main campus.
Hazrat Syed Shamsuddin Makki Shaheed
Hazrat Shamsuddin Shahid Raziyallah tala anhu was the Emperor of Makkah al-Mukarramah, the Holiest Place of muslims where the Ka'abatullah shariff is located, during the time when Sultan Syed Ibrahim Shahid was ruling madinah and started towards India.Hazrat Shamsuddin shaheed was one among the few who renounced their empire and their throne fro the sake of Islam. Hazrat Shamsuddeen Shahed Radiyallah Ta'ala anhu gave up the throne of Makkah to join Hazrat Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed to travel to South Asia to spread Islam. During His regime, people were very much calm and quiet performing the rituals of Hajj and the Empire Shamsudhdheen Shaheedh was fully involved in the service of Allah's home. Though Hazrat Shamsuddeen was very much comfortable with the throne, his mind was fully surrounded by the thoughts of spreading Islam.So, when Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed wrote letter about His travel to India Hazrat Shamsuddeen shaheedh whole heartedly accepted the offer and joined the group of Shahid Badushah with large number of His troop.During the voyage Hazrat Shamsuddheen Shahid was fully along with Sahid badusha helping Him all the way. After reaching India and during the course of war between the Arabs and Pandiyans Hazrat Shamsuddeen Shahid's role was very vital. Being a King, Hazrat Shamsuddeen Shaheed helped Badhushaah Nayagam a lot in strategising the course of the war. His suggestions worked many a time which finally gave victory to the Shaheed badhusha's troop. To be a true martyr as per his willingness, Allah blessed Hazrat Shamsuddin Shahid with Shahaadat. Hazrat Shamsuddeen shahid was also killed by the Pandiya's in war and was funered very closely to the right side of Basha nayagam. As per Hazarat Shamsuddeen's order through dream, His holy grave is kept open to Sun light and rain to fall on it. The Holy grave of hazrat Shamsuddin shaheed is found adjacent on the left side of the Northern end of the main dargha and close to the Dargha shariff of His neighbours Hazrat Syed Qamaruddin Shaheedh Raliyallahu Taala anhu and Syed Nooruddin Shahidh Raliyallahutaalaanhu who also came along with Shaamsuddeen Shaheed and Baasha Naayagam Radiyallah tala anhum and attained Martyrdom in the war with pandiyas.
Mujavir Muhammad Ibrahim @ Nalla Ibrahim Waliyullah
Mujavir Muhammadh Ibrahim Waliyullah who is very well known as Mujavir Nalla Ibrahim waliyullah is the hereditary grand son of Badusha Sulthan syed ibrahim Shaheedh. He was the son of Seyyidina Mursal Ibrahim Shaheed whose grave is found in Thachu oorani on the way to Erwadi from Keelakarai. Descendants of Badusha Shaheedh nayagam were ruling the Bouthiramanikapattinam (Now Ervadi) province for generations together accordiing to the peace treaty. A few centuries later again when they felt the odour of Islam is slowly vanishing from the Tamil soil, they decided to leave the throne and begin the Islamic campaign as their ancestor Badusha Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed did. They slowly started moving form one place to another in spreading Islam and bringing people in the daily duties of Islam. Badhusha Syed Ibrahim's grave is found in Melakkal kanavai in Madurai district and his grandson Mursal Ibrahim Shaheedh's in the Ramanathapuram District as mentioned above.
In the service of His Ancestor as a Mujavir
Nalla Ibrahim waliyullah was living peacefully in Kiliyur, Paramakudi Taluk of Ramanathapuram District doing Islamic campaign as all His forefathers did. Once, Nallaa Ibraahim waliyullah had a dream in which His Forefather Badhusha Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shahedh appeared and asked Him to come to Erwadi to serve the people coming for Ziyarat to Erwadi. Waking up Suddenly, Nalla Ibraaheem waliyullah could realize His Grandfather's wish and informed His wife about the journey. His wife who had settled in Kiliyoor was reluctant to start towards Erwadi. Nalla Ibrahim waliyullah persuaded and finally started alone to Erwadi to the service of His Holy forefather. Lot of people started thronging Erwadi for Ziarat who all were ecstatic to see Shahedh badusha's heir Nalla Ibrahim bava in the service of Dharghah as a Mujawir.
Wife refusing to come - A miracle of Badhusha Nayagam
Following the order given by Hazrath Sulthan Syed Ibrahim shaheedh to leave Kiliyoor and stay at Ervaadi to serve pilgrims, Mujavir Nallla Ibraheem bava planned to start from Kiliyur with family. But His wife was reluctant to join with Naalla Ibrahim for Her love towards the current village Kiliyur.But His wife was reluctant to join with Naalla Ibrahim for Her love towards the current village Kiliyur.Baadusha nayagam was a bit anger towards this attitude of His grand daughter and offered a different miracle to happen in the heirs of Mujavir Nalla Ibrahim and His spouse till Qiyamah. A few children will be born with reddish skin and Golden hairs to look as if like an English. Erwaadi, being an arid place people are fully black and its even very rare to see folks with yellowish complexion.But till today in one can see people with British complexion in Erwadi who are fom the heirs of Nalla Ibrahim Waliyullah radiyallah ta'ala anhu happening because of the miracle of Shahid badusha. Shocked to hear this, Nalla Ibrahim waliyullah's wife accepted and joined with Her husband to aervadi and served the people who came for Zi'arat. Had She not refused the first invitation, could have avoided Her children with British complexion. But anyhow still this stands as an evidence to the powers of Suthan Syed Ibrahim Shahid.
Sethupathy's child and 6666 acres of land
After Mujavir mohamed Ibrahim nalla Ibrahim bava settled in Erwadi, lot of pilgrims started thronging Ervadi shariff. The karaamaat of Qutb Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Sahid was getting reached to people from various parts of India and people who came with different wishes to Erwadi saw it answered with the duaa of Shaheed nayagam. During the period of Nalla Ibrahim waliyullah the Ramnad province (called as Sethu Empire) was ruled by King Regunatha Sethupathy, who like the other sethupathy raja's had a close association with the Arabs (Descndants of badhusha Nayagam) who ruled Bavithiramanickapattanam province. Hearing about the miracles happening at Earvaadi dargha, the king along with his close associates visited the Holy Erwadi Dharga. Qutb Nala Ibrahim Waiyullah who was seated at Aerwadi rceived the king with greater enthusiasm and made him to stay there. Daily in the day on night Nalla Ibrahim bava offered oil from the lamp placed in the Ervadi dargah and some water taken from the pond near dargah and kept in the Rouza (Grave) of Syed ibraheem shahid raziyallah. With the grace of Allah and Dhuaa of Shaheed badhusha the Queen got conceived and nursed male baby. The king was taken to the extreme of joy for the birth of Prince else his Empire would go into the hands of others. As a token of thanks and happiness, the king donated 6666 Acres of land (From Ithampadal to Thachan oorani) as Inam to Ervadi dargah. A portion of it is still maintained by the Dargha Huqdar Management Committee of Erwadi Dhargah.
Kattupalli is one of the main place were the war between Pandyas and Arabs held. It is also the graveyard of Arabs were the Dargah's of all important ministers of Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed badhusha Radiyallah tala anhu are found. It is in the Northern side of the main dargah within 0.5 km. kattupalli is very spacious and it accommodates tens of Lakhs of people who gather during the Sandanakoodu urus festival.
Ameer Abbas Manthiri Shahid
Ameer Abbas Razi was a minister in the then Islamic Government of Rome while Hazrat Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Radiyallah, the emperor of madinah wrote a letter to the Ruler of Rome, explaining the plan of Travel to Hindustan obliging the order from grandfatheral ancestor Prophet Muhammad to spread Islam. The Roman ruler expressed his situation and sent a big troop in the leadership of Hazrat Ameer Abbas Manthiri Razi and they travelled to madinah and joined Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed. In the Bouthiramanickapattinam war which held between the Arabs and the pandiyas, Hazrat Ameer Abbas Mandhiri Radiyallah and his troop killed a lot of pandiyans. In the Third war, Hazrat Ammer Abbas manthiri was assassinated and attained martyrdom. Today, a highly sophisticated and well built Dargah of Ameer Abbas manthiri Shaheed radiyallah Ta'la anhu is situated at the western entrance of kattupalli, with the separate Ziyarat khana for men and women.
Aboobakkar Abdul Hakim Doctor Shahid
Aboobakkar Abdul Hakeem Doctor Shaheed is popularly known as Hakkeem Doctor Shaheed. He is the chief of the team of physicians for Hazrat Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed badusha's troop which consisted Syed Ahmad Doctor Raziyallah Ta'ala anhu from Rome, Yusuf Doctor Shaheed and Gailani Doctor Shaheed. Ta'ala anhu. Though a physician by profession, Hazrat hakkim doctor was very strong in and brave to fight against the enemies of Islam. He was also killed in the battle of Bouthiramanickapattinam. Hazrat Hakkem doctor raziyallah Ta'ala anhu has exhibited many karaamaat (Miracles) after his shahaadat. A young lady by name Khatija from Malappuram district of kerala who was suffering from brain tumor was left hopeless by the doctors since the surgery is risky and may lead to death. Frustrated to live, she came with an intention to spend her rest part of life in Ervadi dargah and stayed in Hakkem doctor Durgha. The 40th night, she had a dream in which Abubakkar Hakkim Doctor Shaheed appeared and performed a surgery on her brain. Morning when she woke up, she could see her head dressed with medications and some blood stains on it. Thousands of people gathered to see this miracle and it was published in the state level Tamil Daily News paper and seeing this thousands of more diseased people started thronging Erwadi, Hakkeem Doctor Durgah.
Abdul Qadir Mujahid Shahid and Gazanfar Muhaiddin Shaheed
These two Shaheeds are important ministers in the troop of Hazrat Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed Badusha Raziyallah Tala anhu. They played a very vital role in the war between the pandiyas and the Arabs and killed a few hundreds of pandiyas. The second important minister from Shaheed Badhushaa's troop to be killed in the war was Abdul Qadir Shahid raziyallah Ta'ala anhu. He fought against the enemies even when his abdomen was teared and all its content was out. That fetched him a respect to him in the war and after his death. Later Muhaidden shaheed stood with Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shahhed for a long time and he too attained martyrdom. These two shuhadaas' Qabr are found close to each other. They play a very main roll in Erwadi durgah becoming a curing hub for supernatural diseases and diseases caused by magic, Devils and mental disorder caused due to it. Hence these two shuhadaas are called as Kanakkedukkum Manthirigal. It means that Ministers who take care of curing magical and devilish diseases. People who come to Ervadi dargah with the above complaints, write a ready written petition kept in the dargah and offer it to the Mujavir.
Veerar Abdullah Shahid
Hazrat Abdullah Shaheed radiyallah Ta'ala anhu is believed to be from Makkah Al Mukarramah and was a wonderful fighter in the troop of Shaheed badusha. He served under Shahid badusha through the course of the war till its end. veerar Abdulla Shahid was the one, who entered the throne of King Vickrama Pandiyan during the final phase of war and dismounted the pandiya's flag with a fish symbol and hoisted the Muslims' flag declaring to the worldd the defeat of pandiyas in the war. So, Abdullah Shaheed is called as Vetrik kodi nattiya veerar Abdullah Shaheed. This act of capturing the throne is the utmost important deed during the course of the war. Since capturing the other's throne is considered as the real victory over the rivals during the war rituals those days. This was possible only by the Braveness and Smart war techniques of Hazrat Shaji Abdullah Shaheed Radiyallah ta'la anhu. The dargah of veerar Abdullah Shaheed is located at the centre of the kattupalli and is managed by the Mujavirs.
Zulfiqar Ali @ Chanthanapeer Shaheedh
Hazrat Zulfiqar Ali was a minister in the then Islamic Government of Istanbul while Hazrat Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Radiyallah, the emperor of madinah wrote to the Ruler of Turkey, regarding the travel to Hindustan obliging the order from grandfatheral ancestor Prophet Muhammad to spread Islam there. Though the Turkish ruler was not able to join Shaheed Badusha, he sent a troop headed by Hazrat Zulfiqar Ali Raziyallah Ta'ala anhu and they travelled to Madinah and joined the troops of Shaheed badusha. In the bouthiramanickapattinam war against the pandiyans, Hazrat Zulfiqaar Ali as the very name reflects fought very bravely and finally was killed by the pandiyas.
Reason for the name sandanapeer
Though the actual name being Zulfiqar Ali, he was very well known by the name Santhanapeer Shahid waliyullah. Hazrat Zulfiqar Ali belonged to turkey, which is a very cold country. He couldn't bear the heat of South India, and to overcome this, Hazrat Zulfiqar Shaheed used to apply sandalwood paste in his entire body for chillness. Daily morning he used to apply and for this reason he was called by the local Tamil people at that time as Sandanapeer which means The saint of Sandal. Till today, Hazrat Zulfaqar Shaheed radiyallah Ta'ala anhu is called by the name Santhanapeer Shaheed waliyullah and even the dargah where hazrat's grave is found, in the kattupalli, is named as Chandanapeer Shahid waliyullah dargah.
Syed Ismail Shaheed-Sara Amma Safura Amma Durgah
This durgah is located outside the Kaattupalli dargah campus. This is located parallel to the southern entrance of kattuppalli and to the east of Main Durgah. The graves of the family members of Sulthan Syed Ibrahim shaheed and all his descendants, who ruled the Erwadi province are found here. Hazrat Shaheed badusha's brother Hazrat Badusha Syed Ismail Shaheed's grave is found here, along with the graves of Hazrat Badhusha Syed Is'haq, Badusha Syed Ibrahim Shaheed, Badusha Syed Baaqir Shaheed, Badusha Syed Qasim Shaheed and Badhushah Syed Tahir Shheed Ridwanullahi Ta'ala alaihim. Also the graves of waliyatullas Seyyida Sara Amma, Seyyida Safura Amma and Seyyida Zainab Amma are also found in this Dargah. For this reason, this dargah is called as Sara Amma Safura Amma Palli. People who long for children come to this dargah, and with a niyyah, they tie a cradle tearing the corner of the saree and are supposed to come fruitful with a child within a year or two.
Santhanakoodu urus festival
The Grand urus festival of Ervadi dargah is held every year in the Islamic Month of Dhu al-Qi'dah commemorating the shahadat anniversary of Hazrat Qutb Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shahid badhusha radiyallah Ta'ala anhu. The Grand festival starts on 1st of Zul Qaida and ends on 30th of Zul Qaidah of every Hijri year.
Beginning of Moulid Shariff - Dhul Qadah 1
This event marks the beginning of the Urus festival in Erwadi. On the 1st Night of the Islamic Month of Dhu al-Qi'dah the Moulid Shariff majlis is started. Hundreds of Levvais (Huqdars) and devotees gather at the Hall of Main Shrine of Erwadi Durgah after Maghrib (Prayer). The majlis starts with Dua followed by Subhana Moulidh, Shaheed Badusha Manaaqib Moulidh and ends with Du'a. Half an hour break is given for Isha'a Prayer in between the Moulid Shariff which lasts till 11.00PM. On Thursdays, The Moulidh Shariff begins after Isha'a Prayers. This Moulidh Shariff is held continuosly for 23 days.
Installation of Lower trunk (Adi Maram) - Dhul Qada 9
This event marks the beginning of Flag hoisting ceremony of Ervadi dargah. This event is held every year on the 9th Evening of the islamic month of Dhul Qaidah. After the Fajr prayers, Thousands of people gather in the Durgah campus and Qura'an is recited. Entire Qura'an is recited for 4 or 5 times depending upon the gathered crowd. Followed by Moulid Shariff and Du'a with the Waseelah of Qutbul Aqtab Syedus Saadath Hazrat Qutb Syed Abootahir Madhani Shaheed Raziyallah Ta'ala anhu. The Erwadi dargah's victory flag is being hoisted at an height of 250 feet consisting of a lower trunk, an upper trunk and the Boat shaped metal holding. A white woodden holder is placed at the upper edge of the Lower trunk and is tied with 6 ropes to hold upon and its base is placed in the midst of the Flag hoisting throne (Kodi medai). A few lakhs of people who gather to witness the ceremony pull the ropes and the Trunk rises slowly. Finally when it reaches the vertical position ropes are tied to make the trunk strong hold. This holding the Holy rope is called as Imaadhul Muraad, and people who holds this Holy rope with a wish seeking the help of Shaheedh Badushaha Nayagam, will see it answered in a very short period within the year.
Holy Flag Hoisting (Kodiyetru Vizha) - Dhul Qaidah 10
This an important ceremony in the Santhanakoodu festival of Ervadi durgah. Around 6 lakh people from all parts of Tamilnadu and Kerala and also various states like Karnataka, Andhrapradesh, Maharashtra, Delhi and all over India take part. On the 10th Evening of Zul Qaidah, The flag procession starts from the Erwadi village and reaches Durgah Shariff before maghrib. The Holy flag is brought in an Elephant which traditionally comes from the Palace of the Raja of Ramnad. The procession goes round the durga thrice. Qasidahs are recited and after a grand Dhuaa, the Flag is hoisted in the upper trunk with a full voice slogan of Yaa Shaheed!!! Muraad Haasil!!!. The regular moulidh shariff starts at 9.00PM on this day.
Santhanakoodu Procession - Dhul Qada 22
This procession is conducted just to mark the beginning of the Main santhanakoodu festival. Procession starts from Chinna Ervadi, the residential area of Mujavirs (Huqdars called as Levvais) and reaches the Dargah shariff campus before maghrib prayers. The shadhili tariqa zikr halqa majlis (Hazra) is held in the Mosque at the durgah campus. A few millions of people start gathering at Erwadi and get scattered at kattupalli and other areas of Ervadi durga. District administration announces local Holiday on this day and the State government along with TNSTC runs thousands of special buses to Erwadi from various locations of Tamilnadu. Hundreds of stalls are being put by the Government and by the private vendors. Many food stalls and Child Entertainment games are being run in this season.
Sandal Smearing on the Holy Grave - Dhul Qadah 23
This is the peak celebration and the sole purpose of the one month long Santhanakoodu festival in Ervadi Durgah. This day marks the martyrdom of Hazrat Qutbul hamid Gausul Majid Badusha Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed Raziyallah Taala anhu. The 23rd day moulid shariff (Last Moulid for the year) starts exactly at 12.00AM on the 23rd night of Dhu al-Qi'dah and ends at 3:00AM with a grand Dhuaa begging Shaheed badusha's mercy. Sandal paste are taken in 3 Pots from Ervadi and brought in the very grand procession. It reaches Durgah around 5:00AM and the sandal pot is taken to the maqbara, the grave (Mazaar) of Hazrat Shaheed Badusha. The procession goes round the Dargah thrice. A grand Dhuaa is recited inside the Maqaam of Hazrat shaheed badusha. The sandal is smeared in the rauza mubarak of Shaheed and different carpets with Valuable Silk, Diamond and other floral carpets are presented. The sandal paste is anointed on the Rauza of Hazrat Qutb Syed Abootahir Shaheed and the rouza of Seyyida Fathima Al Barqa radiyallah Ta'ala anha (Shahid badusha'a mother). Only selected Levvais (Mujavirs - Huqdars) and a few VIPs are permitted inside the Maqbara during the ceremony. More than 1000 policemen and Policewomen are deployed for security. The ceremony ends with the fajr prayer and the sandal is distributed to all who gather in the Dargah campus.
Dismounting of The Holy Flag (Kodi Irakkam) - Dhul Qadah 30
This is the final event which marks the end of a month long Santhanakoodu festival in Erwadidurgah. Every year on the 30th Morning of Islamic month of Dhu al-Qi'dah thousands of people gather at the hall of main Dargah after fajr prayer for the recitation of Holy Quran. Qur'an is completely recited more than 7 times and Tabarruk is distributed after the dhuaa with the waseela of Badhusha Nayagam (Holy King). The same day evening, after Asar Qasidas and Byts are recited followed by the grand final Dhuaa and the Holy Flag is dismounted with the Sky blowing slogan of YAA SHAHEED!!! MURAD HAASIL!!!. The holy flag is presented unto the Sacred Rouza of Hazrat Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed and a Dhuaa is recited. The lower trunk and other components of the Holy flag are displaced before maghrib. Around 15 lakh people from all over India and other countries like Srilanka, U.K., Saudi Arabia,U.A.E. and Kuwait take part. The crowd which gathers here for this ceremony is the highest than any other festival in Ramanathapuram District. After maghrib, the traditional Thabarruk of 'NEI SORU' (Ghee Rice) is distributed to all the 15 lakh pilgrims who witnessed the Santhanakoodu Urus festivals of Erwadi Dargah. The arrangements for the entire festival is made and sponsored by the Dargah Huqdhar Management Committee (D.H.M.C.). Thus the one month long Urus Festival of Ervadi Durgah Shariff comes to an end.
Ervadi Santhanakoodu Festival 2009
Following is the schedule of the Grand Holy Annual Santhanakoodu (Sandanakoodu) festival commemorating the 835th Urus festival to be held at Ervadi dargha for a month's time, from 19th of October to 18th of November.
|19.10.2009||Monday||6.30 PM||Beginning of Holy Moulid Shariff|
|21.10.2009||Wednesday||4.30 PM||Mursal Ibrahim Shaheed Rali... Moulid Shariff, Thachu oorani|
|22.10.2009||Thursday||10.30 AM||Ameer Abbas Manthiri Shaheed Rali.. Moulid shariff, Kattupalli.|
|28.10.2009||Wednesday||6.00 AM||Recital of Holy Quraan Shariff and Qutb Abuthahir Madani Shaheed Moulidh Shariff, Du'aa.|
|28.10.2009||Wednesday||4.30 PM||Installation of the Lower trunk (ADI MARAM)|
|29.10.2009||Thursday||5.00 PM||Holy Flag Hoisting (Punithamigu Kodiyetram)|
|5.11.2009||Thursday||10.30 AM||Aboobakkar Abdul Hakkeem Doctor Shaheed Rali... Moulidh Shariff, Kattupalli.|
|9.11.2009||Monday||10.30 AM||Abdul Khader Mujahid Shaheed, Ghaznfar Muhaiddeen Shaheed Rali... (Qadir manthiri, Muhaiddeen manthiri) Moulidh Shariff, Kattupalli.|
|10.11.2009||Tuesday||6.30 PM||Beginning of Sandhanakoodu festival, Fassiyatush Shadhiliya tariqa Zikr Halqa Majlis, Erwadi dargah.|
|11.11.2009||Wednesday||5.00 AM||Sandal Smearing on the Holy Rouza of Qutbul Hamid Gouthul Majid Badhusha Sulthan Syed Ibrahim Shaheed Rali...|
|18.11.2009||Wednesday||5.30 AM||Recital of Holy Quran, Qattam Thamaam and Shaheed Badhusha Nayagam Moulidh|
|18.11.2009||Wednesday||5.00 PM||Dismounting of Holy Flag (Punithamigu Kodi Irakkam)|
|18.11.2009||Wednesday||7.00 PM||Holy Thabarruk of Shaheed Badhusha Nayagam Ghee Rice (Nei Soru) distribution|
A local district holiday has been announced by the Ramanathapuram district collector and other officials of the District administration on 10.11.2009 for Erwadi sandanakoodu (Santhanakoodu) festival 2009.
Erwadi durgah today stands as a symbol of Religious Harmony in tamilnadu. People with satanic illness visit this durgah in large number and get cured. Tens of lakhs of people visit this Durgah during the Urus Santhanakoodu Anniversary, held during the entire Islamic month of Dhu al-Qi'dah
Erwadi has wide range of connectivity through road from all parts of tamilnadu. The major East Coast Road which connects entire tamilnadu through Bay of Bengal from Chennai to Kanyakumari itself touches Ervadi. Also NH 49 from Madurai to Rameswaram touches Ramanathapuram and from there East Coast Road can be taken via Keelakarai to reach Ervadi and the distance in this route is 27 km. There are frequent buses for every 30 minutes being operated by TNSTC from Ramanathapuram to Erwadi. Also TNSTC operates direct buses to Erwadi from various parts of tamilnadu like Madurai, Kumuli, Pattukottai, Thondi, Nagore and Chennai. Also Earvadi acts a connecting center to nearby village towns like Sayalkudi, valinokkam, Sikkal, Idambaadal, Kombuthi, Kamudi, Kadaladi etc., with the district headquarters of Ramnad. Thus, buses and other road vehicles plying to these towns pass through Ervaadi. Also, buses from Ramnaad and Rameshwaram towards Tuticorin, Thiruchendur halt at Erwaadi generating some amount of revenue. This helps lot people travelling between these towns to know about Earwadi the holiest town in Tamilnadu for muslims.
Ramanathapuram railway station (Station code: RMD) is the nearest station to erwadi and is well connected through road. Train No. 6101 and Train No.6713 which comes from Chennai Egmore and Train Nos 6102 and 6714 which comes from Rameswaram can be availed here. There are 3 Passenger Trains to Tiruchirapalli via Paramakkudi, Manamadurai, Sivagangai, Karaikudi, Devakottai and Pudukkottai. 2 passenger trains shuttles between madurai and rameswaram via ramanathapuram, Paramakkudi, Manamadurai and Thirupuvanam.
Also trains to Quilon, Bhubaneswar and Hazrat Nizamuddin from Rameswaram which are to run shortly will touch Ramanathapuram and this can be availed by Ervadi passengers from North India once it starts its service.
Erwadi, is well connected with the border ports of Bay of Bengal. Though this is neither a port nor an Harbour, this is the Junction point of all Fishing steamers. Fishermen from adjacent villages like Keelakarai, Seranthai, Sadamuniyan valasi, Adam cheri, Adanjeri, kavakulam etc., anchor their fishing ships and steamers here. So, People who wish to travel to Ervadi by ship can start their journey from any of these neighbouring villages.
- S.A.B.M.H Government Higher Secondary School
- Elite Matriculation school
Hotels, Restaurants & Guest houses
Erwadi houses hundreds of Hotels and restaurants with middle class facilities mostly run by Levvais (Mujavirs-Huqdars). Here are the list of few.
- Chairman Line
- Ameer Aalim line
- Thangamma line
- Gowthiya Raziya Line
- Munsif Hussain Mumtaj Mahal
- Fathima Gani Mahal
- Rifaya Mahal
- Misbah Line
- Amjadha mahal
- Arshadha Mahal
- Darbar Guest House
- Sulaiha Line
- Haja line
- Jahanghir sulthan line
- Khaleefa Line
- Azees line
- Jamarath Mahal & Line
- Shahid waliullah Guest House
Hotels with Boarding and Lodging
- Hotel Barakkath, Dargah western gate.
- Hotel Dasooqui (Earlier Khuthbiya)
Hotels for Food
- Hotel Rahmath
- Hotel Star Malabar
- Hotel Ayesha
- Hotel Muhammadh Sal..
- Hotel Raj Bhavan (Pure Veg.)
- Rowther Mess
- Hotel Benasir
- Hotel Idris (Ervadi)
- Hotel Barakkath, Kattupalli.
- Hotel Sikandhar Badhushah, Kattupalli.
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- ↑ Edition 3, Page 24 of Erwadi Shaheed Nayagam varalaaru, Authored by Moulvi.Haji.Marhoom.S.Amjad Ibrahim Levvai Aalim Saahib and published by Ameer Aalim Publications, Erwadi Durgah, Ramanathapuram District, India
- ↑ Vol.1 Edition 6, Mathan 4 Page 42 of Failul Majid Fi manaaqibi Shaheed written by Syed Ibrahim Levvai Aalim and published by Ammer Batcha Aalim Publications, Erwadi Dargah, Ramanathapuram District.
- ↑ Page 132, of Then Pandi cheemai'iley authored by M.R.M.Abdur Raheem, and published by Kajiyar Publications Thanjavur.
- ↑ http://www.ervadi.com