Saint Ephraim of Pereyaslav, also Saint Ephraim of the Caves or Saint Ephraim Bishop of Pereslav (Ukrainian: Єфрем Переяславський) - Eastern Orthodox saint, bishop of Pereyaslav (now Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine), Metropolitan of Kiev and all Rus', before his tonsure into monasticism, was treasurer and steward of household affairs (1054-1068) at the court of the Izyaslav Yaroslavich the Grand Prince of Kiev. Weighed down by this noisy and bustling life and wishing to become a monk, he was accepted by Saint Anthony of Kiev and was tonsured (March 23) by Saint Nikon the Chronicler, then the Hegumen of the Kiev Monastery of the Caves.
The enraged Izyaslav demanded that Ephraim return, threatening to lock him up in prison and to destroy the Kiev Monastery of the Caves (the Pechersk Lavra). St Anthony and the brethren left the monastery and decided to go to another place. Izyaslav, however, feared the wrath of God. He took his wife's advice and withdrew his forces from the monastery in disgrace.
St Ephraim wished to go on pilgrimage to the holy places abroad. With the blessing of St Anthony, he journeyed to Constantinople and settled there in one of the monasteries. While in Constantinople, St Ephraim made a copy of the Studite monastic Rule, and took it to Kiev at the request of St Theodosius of Kiev. As soon as he received the Rule, St Theodosius implemented it in his monastery.
After the year 1072 Ephraim was made bishop in Pereslav, with the title of Metropolitan. He adorned Pereslav with many beautiful churches and public buildings, and he built stone walls around the city in the Greek manner. He built free hospices for the poor and travelers, and constructed several public bath-houses.
In the year 1091, St Ephraim participated in the opening and solemn transfer of the relics of St Theodosius. A Life of St Ephraim existed in former times, but it has not survived. We find an account of him both in the Life of St Theodosius, and in the Russian Chronicles. A tale and encomium for St Nicholas the Wonderworker is ascribed to St Ephraim.
His memory is also celebrated on January 28, September 28 and on the second Sunday of Great Lent.
John III of Kyiv
|Metropolitan of Kyiv and All-Rus'|
| Succeeded by|
Nicholas of Kyiv