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|District||Judea and Samaria Area|
|Government||Local council (from 1981)|
|Name meaning||Named after Elkanah|
|Area||1148 dunams (1.148 km2; 0.443 sq mi)|
|Head of municipality||Tzadok Zehorai|
- For other uses, see Elkanah.
Elkana or Elqana (Hebrew: אֶלְקָנָה) is an Israeli settlement and local council in the north-western Samarian hills in the West Bank. It was founded in 1977 by a group from Gush Emunim of religious and non-religious Jews. As of 2002, it had a population of 4,000 people or 800 families. Elkana is situated just to the east of the Green Line and the city of Rosh HaAyin. The Trans-Samarian Highway previously cut through the town until 2000 when the road, which now skirts to the south, was upgraded.
Elkana was established as one the earliest settlements after 64 Knesset members signed a bill to allow the use of state land in the area for construction. Amongst the first families to move to the settlement was that of the former Chief of Staff Shaul Mofaz.
In 1983, the first permanent structures were built as the village was divided into different neighbourhoods named after the amount of homes planned in each one: 220, 165, 80, and 34 (also called Bnai Elkana). More recently, two newer neighbourhoods have been built; One on the northern side of the town as well as another smaller one to the west.