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Eliya Abulyonan

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Eliya XIV [XIII] Abulyonan
Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans
Church Chaldean Catholic Church
See Babylon of the Chaldeans
Enthroned July 26, 1878
Reign ended June 27, 1894
Predecessor Joseph Audo
Successor Audishu V Khayyath
Personal details
Birth name Eliya Peter Abulyonan
Born 1840
Died June 27, 1894
Residence Iraq

Mar Eliya XIV [XIII] Abulyonan † (or Abolionan) was the Patriarch of the Chaldean Catholic Church from 1878 to 1894.


Eliya Peter Abulyonan was born in 1840 in Mosul. He studied three years in the College of the Propaganda in Rome and was ordained priest in 1865. On May 24, 1874, in Alqosh, he was ordained bishop of Gazireh by Patriarch Joseph Audo. He was appointed Patriarch of the Chaldean Church on July 26, 1878 and confirmed by the pope on February 28, 1879.

During his patriarchate he spare no effort to improve the relations both with the Holy See and within the Chaldean Church, after the eventful reign of his predecessor Joseph Audo. He died in Mosul at the age of 54 on June 27, 1894.

The ordinal number of his title is sometime XIV, sometime XIII, while among scholars XII is often preferred. This is due to the uncertain list of the Patriarchal line of Alqosh in the 16th and 17th century[1].


  1. see H.Murre, "The Patriarchs of the Church of the East from the Fifteenth to Eighteenth Centuries". Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies. Retrieved 2009-01-05. , who for example uses XII, as D.Wilmshurst (ISBN 9042908769)


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