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Elisheva or Elisheba (אֱלִישֶׁבַע in Hebrew) was the wife of Aaron, the forefather of The Kohanim, the Jewish priests, in The Bible. According to later Jewish tradition, she is buried in the Tomb of the Matriarchs in Tiberias.

In Hebrew, Eli means "my God." Sheva can mean either "oath" or "sustenance." ("Sheva" also means seven in Hebrew). The name Elisheva means either "My God is my oath" (I swear by my God) or "My God is my sustenance."

According to some interpretations, Elisheva was the same as Puah, one of the righteous midwives mentioned in Exodus Chapter One. Those who hold this interpretation believe that her position as ancestress of the priestly caste was a reward for saving the Hebrew children.

The names Elisabeth, Elizabeth, Elspeth, Eliseva, Elsabe, Ilsabe, Isabel, and Isabella, and their Arabic equivalent Alishahda, are derived from Elisheva. See Elizabeth for more names derived from Elizabeth.

The wife of Aaron (Harun in Arabic) is mentioned in the Qur'an, albeit unnamed. She is known as Alishahda in Islamic tradition.


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