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Ekadashi (Sanskrit for eleven; also spelled as Ekadasi) or Agyaars is the eleventh lunar day (Tithi) of the shukla (bright) or krishna (dark) paksha (fortnight) of every lunar month in the Hindu calendar (Panchang). In Hinduism and Jainism, it is considered a spiritually beneficial day. Scriptures recommend observing an (ideally waterless) fast from sunset on the day prior to ekadashi to 48 minutes after sunrise on the day following ekadashi.
Ekadashi is a bimonthly occasion that is mainly observed by Vaishnavas, although its observance is also open to followers of non-Vaishnava traditions. On the Ekadashi day strict fasting is observed, abstainance from all grains, beans, cereals and certain vegetables and spices.
Ekadashi also coincides with the times when the moon is the closes to Earth ( Perigee) and the time when moon is farthest from the Earth ( Apogee ) . These are also the times of high tide and low tide respectively. During Ekadashis in the Krishna paksha, the moon is the closest to the earth and during Ekadashis in the Shukla paksha the moon is farthest from the earth.
List of Ekadashis
The table below describes the various Ekadashis that falls at different time of the year.
|Ekadashi||Month Vedic||Month Julian|
|Saphala Ekadashi||Pausha Krishna Paksh||Dec - Jan|
|Putrada Ekadashi||Pausha Shukla Paksh||Dec - Jan|
|Sat Tila Ekadashi||Magha Krishna Paksh||Jan - Feb|
|Bhaimi Ekadashi||Magha Shukla Paksh||Jan - Feb|
|Vaikunta Ekadasi||Phalgun Krishna Paksh||Feb - Mar|
|Amalaki Ekadashi||Phalgun Shukla Paksh||Feb - Mar|
|Papamochani Ekadashi||Chaitra Krishna Paksh||Mar - Apr|
|Kamada Ekadashi||Chaitra Shukla Paksh||Mar - Apr|
|Varuthini Ekadashi||Vaisakh Krishna Paksh||Apr - May|
|Mohini Ekadashi||Vaisakh Shukla Paksh||Apr - May|
|Apara Ekadashi||Jyeshtha Krishna Paksh||May - Jun|
|Pandava Ekadashi||Jyeshtha Shukla Paksh||May - Jun|
|Yogini Ekadashi||Ashaad Krishna Paksh||Jun - Jul|
|Shayani Ekadashi||Ashaad Shukla Paksh||Jun - Jul|
|Kamika Ekadashi||Shravan Krishna Paksh||Jul - Aug|
|Pavitropana Ekadashi||Shravan Shukla Paksh||Jul - Aug|
|Ananda Ekadashi||Bhadrapad Krishna Paksh||Aug - Sep|
|Parsva Ekadashi||Bhadrapad Shukla Paksh||Aug - Sep|
|Indira Ekadashi||Ashwin Krishna Paksh||Sep - Oct|
|Padmini Ekadashi||Purushottam Shukla Paksh||-|
|Parama Ekadashi||Purushottam Krishna Paksh||-|
|Pasankusha Ekadashi||Ashwin Shukla Paksh||Sep - Oct|
|Rama Ekadashi||Kartik Krishna Paksh||Oct - Nov|
|Prabodhini Ekadashi||Kartik Shukla Paksh||Oct - Nov|
|Utpanna Ekadashi||Margasirsha Krishna Paksh||Nov - Dec|
|Mokshada Ekadashi||Margasirsha Shukla Paksh||Nov - Dec|
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- Aja Ekadashi – Ananda Ekadasi or Annada Ekadashi
- Why to fast on Ekadashi - its significance. Short audio clip in Kannada
- Ekadashi Dates & its Importance Stories(Mahaatmya)
- Ekadashi Vrat Kathas in Hindi at Indif.Com
- Ekadasi - background, references, etc. (Gaudiya Vaishnava tradition)
- Vedic Calendar Program (freeware) Calculates Ekadasis (and other dates) for any location in the world.
- Pushtimarg Ekadashi Calendar
- Ekadasi Calendar by Sri Narasingha Chaitanya Matha
- Panchanga / panchangam for your city
- Ekadashi Dates & Mahatmya
- Ekadashi dates for the year
- Ekadashi Stories
- Panchang for the world to find out ekadashi dates for your city
- Why Can't I use Indian Panchangam abroad (Ekadashi dates in Indian panchangam will differ in abroad )
- The Inner Meaning of Ekadasi by Swami Tripurari