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Ehecatl (Spanish: Ehécatl; Nahuatl: ehēcatl; pronounced: ˈekatɬ) is a pre-Columbian deity associated with the wind, who features in Aztec mythology and the mythologies of other cultures from the central Mexico region of Mesoamerica. He is most usually interpreted as the aspect of the Feathered Serpent deity (Quetzalcoatl in Aztec and other Nahua cultures) as a god of wind, and is therefore also known as Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl. Ehecatl also figures prominently as one of the creator gods and culture heroes in the mythical creation accounts documented for pre-Columbian central Mexican cultures.
Since the wind blows in all directions, Ehecatl was associated with all the cardinal directions. His temple was built as a cylinder in order to reduce the air resistance, and was sometimes portrayed with two protruding masks through which the wind blew.
As the fourth sun was destroyed in the Aztec creation myth (due to the gods not being satisfied with the men they had created) the gods gathered in Teotihuacan. There Nanahuatzin and Tecciztecatl jumped into a sacrificial fire and became the sun and the moon. They remained immobile until Ehecatl blew hard on them. At first only the sun moved, but once the sun started moving the moon moved also.
- Carrasco, David (1982). Quetzalcoatl and the Irony of Empire: Myths and Prophecies in the Aztec Tradition. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-09487-1.
- Milbrath, Susan (1999). Star Gods of the Maya: Astronomy in Art, Folklore, and Calendars. The Linda Schele series in Maya and pre-Columbian studies. Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-75225-3.
- Miller, Mary; and Karl Taube (1993). The Gods and Symbols of Ancient Mexico and the Maya: An Illustrated Dictionary of Mesoamerican Religion. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05068-6.
- Séjourné, Laurette (1981). El pensamiento náhuatl cifrado por los calendarios. Colección América nuestra. América indígena, no. 35. Josefina Oliva de Coll (trans.), Françoise Bagot (illus.), Julio Pliego (photog.). Mexico D.F: Siglo XXI Editores. ISBN 968-23-1057-1. (Spanish)
- Smith, Michael E. (2003). The Aztecs (2nd ed.). Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers. ISBN 0-631-23015-7.
- Wimmer, Alexis (2006). "Dictionnaire de la langue nahuatl classique" (online version, incorporating reproductions from Dictionnaire de la langue nahuatl ou mexicaine , by Rémi Siméon). http://sites.estvideo.net/malinal/nahuatl.page.html. (French)
|This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Ehecatl. The list of authors can be seen in the page history.|