Edward Oliver Anderson (16 May 1891 - 9 August 1977) was an architect for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He was the architect for the Los Angeles California Temple, Bern Switzerland Temple and London England Temple. He was connected also with the mid-20th century remodelings of the Salt Lake Temple, the Manti Utah Temple and the St. George Utah Temple.
In the early 1950s Anderson was asked by David O. McKay to design a smaller temple that could be used in areas with fewer Latter-day Saints than those where temple then existed. Shortly after Anderson began work on his design, plans were announced to build the Swiss Temple. As part of this project Anderson designed and supervised the construction of a one-twelfth scale model of a room where a film of the temple ordinances could be presented to overcome the fact that there would be patrons at the Swiss Temple speaking at least ten languages.