Dikaios (Greek: δικαιος, sometimes romanised as dicæus) is a title given to holy men and women of the Old Testament in Eastern Christianity. The Greek word means righteous or just, and distinguishes the bearer from the Christian era saints. The prominent dikaioi are celebrated with their own feast days in the liturgical year. The Maccabees are commemorated as if they were Christian martyrs, and the Coptic Orthodox Church celebrates Pontius Pilate as one of the Righteous.

Dikaios also was one of the most frequently used epithets in the titulature of the hellenized dynasts of Parthia, Cappadocia, and Pontus.[1]


  1. Hildegard Temporini, Wolfgang Haase (1981), Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, p. 868. Walter de Gruyter, ISBN 3110085569.

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