The Chinese character for .

Di (Chinese: 地}, pinyin , Wade-Giles Ti, lit. "earth") is one of the oldest Chinese terms for the earth and a key concept or figure in Chinese mythology and religion. In Taoism and Confucianism, Di is often translated as "Earth" and is mentioned in relationship to its complementary aspect of Tian, most often translated as "Heaven".


is the modern Mandarin Chinese pronunciation. The Old Chinese pronunciation has been reconstructed as *lˤej-s.[1]

The Chinese character 地 is a phono-semantic compound, combining the 土 radical ("earth", "dirt") with the (former) sound marker 也 (Modern Chinese , Old Chinese *lajʔ[1]). As 埊, it was one of the characters briefly affected by Wu Zetian's short-lived character reforms.



The dualism of Heaven and Earth are important to Taoist cosmology. They are thought to maintain the two poles of the Three Realms of reality, with the middle realm occupied by Humanity.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 Baxter, Wm. H. & Sagart, Laurent. Baxter–Sagart Old Chinese ReconstructionPDF (1.93 MB), pp. 20 & 176. 2011. Accessed 11 October 2011.
This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Di (Chinese concept). The list of authors can be seen in the page history.

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