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A Dharma name (Ch. 法名, fǎmíng； Jp. 戒名, kaimyō; Kor. 법명, beopmyeong) is a new name acquired during a Buddhist Initiation Ritual. The name is traditionally given by a Buddhist monastic, but is also given to newly ordained monks, nuns and laity.
If the student doesn't have a relationship with the monastic teacher and the ceremony is a public one with a congregation present, their new name will tend to reflect the lineage/tradition rather than the individual person. When it is given by a monastic who knows the disciple, however, the name is often tailor-made.
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