It was founded in 1003 on the site of a Roman fort by the future Saint Heribert, Archbishop of Cologne, close adviser of Emperor Emperor Otto III. Heribert died in 1021 and was buried in the Romanesque church he had had built here. The golden shrine containing his relics is now in the parish church of Neu-St.Heribert in Deutz.
The abbey had extensive properties, but its strategic position by the Rhine exposed it to involvement in fighting, and it was destroyed in the 14th century and again in the 16th.
- Sinderhauf, Monica, 1996. Die Abtei Deutz und ihre innere Erneuerung. Klostergeschichte im Spiegel des verschollenen Codex Thioderici. Vierow: Veröffentlichungen des Kölnischen Geschichtsvereins.
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