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Description of the Spiritual Rulers

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This is the fifth section of the Bani called Bachitar Natak which forms part of the Dasam Granth, the second most important scripture of the Sikhs and is written entirely by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru.

The bani can be found online at pages 129 to 131 of the Sri Dasam Granth Sahib. This section is entitled "Description of the Spiritual Rulers", i.e. of the nine Sikh Gurus preceding Gobind Singh himself, from Guru Nanak to Guru Tegh Bahadar (father of Gobind Singh). The Description of the Spiritual Kings (Preceptors). The bani (section) has 16 Shabads or verses.

This shabad contains the famous lines about Guru Tegh Bahadar said by his son, Guru Gobind Singh:-

  • 1. Sis Diya par Sirr na Diya - ਸੀਸੁ ਦੀਆ ਪਰ ਸਿਰਰੁ ਨ ਦੀਆ He laid down his head but not his principles (verse 14) and
  • 2. Sis Diya par See na uchree - ਸੀਸੁ ਦੀਆ ਪਰ ਸੀ ਨ ਉਚਰੀ - He laid down his head without even a sigh (verse 13)

Important Shabads verses: 4 to 16

ਦੋਹਰਾ ॥

ਤਿਨ ਬੇਦੀਅਨ ਕੀ ਕੁਲ ਬਿਖੈ ਪ੍ਰਗਟੇ ਨਾਨਕ ਰਾਇ ॥ ਸਭ ਸਿੱਖਨ ਕੋ ਸੁਖ ਦਏ ਜਹ ਤਹ ਭਏ ਸਹਾਇ ॥੪॥

ਚੌਪਈ ॥
ਤਿਨ ਇਹ ਕਲ ਮੋ ਧਰਮੁ ਚਲਾਯੋ ॥ ਸਭ ਸਾਧਨ ਕੋ ਰਾਹੁ ਬਤਾਯੋ ॥ ਜੋ ਤਾਂ ਕੇ ਮਾਰਗ ਮਹਿ ਆਏ ॥ ਤੇ ਕਬਹੂੰ ਨਹਿ ਪਾਪ ਸੰਤਾਏ ॥੫॥

ਜੇ ਜੇ ਪੰਥ ਤਵਨ ਕੇ ਪਰੇ ॥ ਪਾਪ ਤਾਪ ਤਿਨ ਕੇ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਹਰੇ ॥ ਦੂਖ ਭੂਖ ਕਬਹੂੰ ਨ ਸੰਤਾਏ ॥ ਜਾਲ ਕਾਲ ਕੇ ਬੀਚ ਨ ਆਏ ॥੬॥

ਨਾਨਕ ਅੰਗਦ ਕੋ ਬਪੁ ਧਰਾ ॥ ਧਰਮ ਪ੍ਰਚੁਰ ਇਹ ਜਗ ਮੋ ਕਰਾ ॥ ਅਮਰਦਾਸ ਪੁਨਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਹਾਯੋ ॥ ਜਨੁ ਦੀਪਕ ਤੇ ਦੀਪ ਜਗਾਯੋ ॥੭॥

ਜਬ ਬਰਦਾਨਿ ਸਮੈ ਵੁਹ ਆਵਾ ॥ ਰਾਮਦਾਸ ਤਬ ਗੁਰੂ ਕਹਾਵਾ ॥ ਤਿਹ ਬਰਦਾਨਿ ਪੁਰਾਤਨਿ ਦੀਆ ॥ ਅਮਰਦਾਸਿ ਸੁਰਪੁਰਿ ਮਗੁ ਲੀਆ ॥੮॥

ਸ੍ਰੀ ਨਾਨਕ ਅੰਗਦਿ ਕਰਿ ਮਾਨਾ ॥ ਅਮਰਦਾਸ ਅੰਗਦ ਪਹਿਚਾਨਾ ॥ ਅਮਰਦਾਸ ਰਾਮਦਾਸ ਕਹਾਯੋ ॥ ਸਾਧਨ ਲਖਾ ਮੂੜ੍ਹ ਨਹਿ ਪਾਯੋ ॥੯॥

ਭਿੰਨ ਭਿੰਨ ਸਭਹੂੰ ਕਰ ਜਾਨਾ ॥ ਏਕ ਰੂਪ ਕਿਨਹੂੰ ਪਹਿਚਾਨਾ ॥ ਜਿਨ ਜਾਨਾ ਤਿਨ ਹੀ ਸਿਧ ਪਾਈ ॥ ਬਿਨ ਸਮਝੇ ਸਿਧਿ ਹਾਥਿ ਨ ਆਈ ॥੧੦॥

ਰਾਮਦਾਸ ਹਰਿ ਸੋ ਮਿਲ ਗਏ ॥ ਗੁਰਤਾ ਦੇਤ ਅਰਜਨਿਹ ਭਏ ॥ ਜਬ ਅਰਜਨ ਪ੍ਰਭੁ ਲੋਕਿ ਸਿਧਾਏ ॥ ਹਰਿਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਤਿਹ ਠਾ ਠਹਰਾਏ ॥੧੧॥

ਹਰਿਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਲੋਕਿ ਸਿਧਾਰੇ ॥ ਹਰੀਰਾਇ ਤਹਿ ਠਾਂ ਬੈਠਾਰੇ ॥ ਹਰੀਕ੍ਰਿਸਨ ਤਿਨ ਕੇ ਸੁਤ ਵਏ ॥ ਤਿਨ ਤੇ ਤੇਗ ਬਹਾਦਰ ਭਏ ॥੧੨॥

ਤਿਲਕ ਜੰਵੂ ਰਾਖਾ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਤਾ ਕਾ ॥ ਕੀਨੋ ਬਡੋ ਕਲੂ ਮਹਿ ਸਾਕਾ ॥ ਸਾਧਨ ਹੇਤਿ ਇਤੀ ਜਿਨਿ ਕਰੀ ॥ ਸੀਸੁ ਦੀਆ ਪਰ ਸੀ ਨ ਉਚਰੀ ॥੧੩॥

ਧਰਮ ਹੇਤਿ ਸਾਕਾ ਜਿਨਿ ਕੀਆ ॥ ਸੀਸੁ ਦੀਆ ਪਰ ਸਿਰਰੁ ਨ ਦੀਆ ॥ ਨਾਟਕ ਚੇਟਕ ਕੀਏ ਕੁਕਾਜਾ ॥ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਲੋਗਨ ਕਹ ਆਵਤ ਲਾਜਾ ॥੧੪॥

ਦੋਹਰਾ ॥
ਠੀਕਰਿ ਫੋਰਿ ਦਿਲੀਸਿ ਸਿਰਿ ਪ੍ਰਭ ਪੁਰਿ ਕੀਯਾ ਪਯਾਨ ॥ ਤੇਗ ਬਹਾਦਰ ਸੀ ਕ੍ਰਿਆ ਕਰੀ ਨ ਕਿਨਹੂੰ ਆਨ ॥੧੫॥
ਤੇਗ ਬਹਾਦਰ ਕੇ ਚਲਤ ਭਯੋ ਜਗਤ ਕੋ ਸੋਕ ॥ ਹੈ ਹੈ ਹੈ ਸਭ ਜਗ ਭਯੋ ਜੈ ਜੈ ਜੈ ਸੁਰ ਲੋਕਿ ॥੧੬॥


Dhohiraa

thin baedheean kee kul bikhai pragattae naanak raae. sabh sikhan ko sukh dheae jeh theh bheae sehaae (4)

chaapee
thin eih kal mo dhharam chalaayo. sabh saadhhan ko raahu bathaayo.
jo thaa(n) dhae maarag mehi aaeae. thae kabehoo(n) nehee paap sa(n)thaaeae (5)

jae jae pa(n)thh thavan kae parae. paap thaap thin kae prabh harae.
dhookh bhookh kabehoo(n) n sa(n)thaaeae. jaal kaal kae beech n aaeae (6)

naanak a(n)gadh ko bap dhharaa. dhharan prachur eih jag mo karaa.
amaradhaas pun naam kehaayo. jan dheepak thae dheep jagaayo (7)

jab baradhaan samai var aavaa. raamadhaas thab gur kehaavaa.
thih baradhaan puraathan dheeaa. amaradhaas surapur mag leeaa (8)

sree naanak a(n)gadh kar maanaa. amaradhaas a(n)gadh pehichaanaa.
amaradhaas raamadhaas kehaayo. saadhhan lakhaa moorr nehi paayo (9)

bhi(n)n bhi(n)n sabehoo(n) kar jaanaa. eaek roop kinehoo(n) pehichaanaa.
jin jaanaa thinehee sidhh paaee. bin samajhae sidhh haathh n aaee (10)

raamadhaas har dho mil geae. gurathaa dhaeth arajanehi bheae.
jab arajan prabh lok sidhhaaeae. harigobi(n)dh thih t(h)aa(n) t(h)ehiraaeae (11)

harigobi(n)dh prabh lok sidhhaarae. haree raae thih t(h)aa(n) bait(h)aarae.
haree krishan thin kae suth veae. thin thae thaeg behaadhar bheae (12)

thilak ja(n)n(j)oo raakhaa prabh thaakaa. keeno baddo kaloo mehi saakaa.
saadhhan haeth eithee jin karee. sees dheeaa par see n oucharee (13)

dhharam haeth saakaa jin keeaa. sees dheeaa par sirar n dheeaa.
naattak chaettak keeeae kukaajaa. prabh logan keh aavath laajaa (14)

dhoharaa
t(h)eekar for dhilees sir prabh pur keeaa payaan. thaeg behaadhar see kriaa karee n kinehoo(n) aan (15)

thaeg behaadhar kae chalath bhayo jagath ko sok. hai hai hai sabh jag bhayo jai jai jai sur lok (16)


DOHRA

Nanak Rai took birth in the Bedi clan.
He brought comfort to all his disciples and helped them at all times. (4)

CHAUPAI
Guru Nanak spread Dharma in the Iron age and put the seekers on the path.
Those who followed the path propagated by him, were never harmed by the vices. (5)

All those who came within his fold, they were absolved of all their sins and troubles,
Their sorrows, their wants were vanished and even their transmigration came to an end. (6)

Nanak transformed himself to Angad and spread Dharma in the world.
He was called Amar Das in the next transformation, a lamp was lit from the lamp.(7)

When the opportune time came for the boon, then the Guru was called Ram Das.
The old boon was bestowed upon him, when Amar Das departed for the heavens. (8)

Sri Nanak was recognized in Angad, and Angad in Amar Das.
Amar Das was called Ram Das, only the saints know it and the fools did not. (9)

The people on the whole considered them as separate ones, but there were few who recognized them as one and the same.
Those who recognized them as One, they were successful on the spiritual plane. Without recognition there was no success. (10)

When Ramdas merged in the Lord, the Guruship was bestowed upon Arjan.
When Arjan left for the abode of the Lord, Hargobind was seated on this throne. (11)

When Hargobind left for the abode of the Lord, Har rai was seated in his place.
Har Krishan (the next Guru) was his son; after him, Tegh Bahadur became the Guru. (12)

He protected the forehead mark and sacred thread (of the Hindus) which marked a great event in the Iron age.
For the sake of saints, he laid down his head without even a sigh. (13)

For the sake of Dharma, he sacrificed himself. He laid down his head but not his creed.
The saints of the Lord abhor the performance of miracles and malpractices. (14)

DOHRA
Breaking the potsherd of his body head of the king of Delhi (Aurangzeb), He left for the abode of the Lord.
None could perform such a feat as that of Tegh Bahadur. (15)

The whole world bemoaned the departure of Tegh Bahadur.
While the world lamented, the gods hailed his arrival in heavens. (16)

See also

These are the Popular Banis of Sikhism

Mool Mantar | Japji | Jaap | Anand | Rehras | Benti Chaupai | Tav-Prasad Savaiye | Kirtan Sohila | Shabad Hazaray | Sukhmani | Asa di Var | Ardas

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