Datsan (Mongolian: Дацан, Russian: Дацан) is the term used for Buddhist university monasteries in the Tibetan tradition of Gelukpa located throughout Mongolia, Tibet and Siberia. As a rule, in a datsan there are two departments—philosophical and medical. Sometimes to them is added the department of the tantric practices where the monks study only after finishing education in the philosophical department. In pre-20th century Russia, datsans traditionally existed only in Buryatia and Transbaikalia.

List of datsans in Mongolia


List of datsans in Russia

Datsans were officially acknowledged in the Imperial Russia in 1734. By statute of 1853 were recognized 34 datsans: two in the Irkutsk governorate and others in Zabaykalsky Governorate. The first datsan in Europe was Gunzechoyney datsan. It was built in St. Petersburg between 1903 and 1913 and started to operate on February 21, 1913.

Between 1927 and 1938 all 47 datsans, existed in Buryatia and Transbaikalia were closed or destroyed. In 1945 Ivolginsky datsan was opened, and several years later Aginsky datsan resumed operations. The following ten datsans were not opened until 1991.

Ivolga monastery

Ivolginsky datsan

See also

External links


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